Elderly or debilitated patients may be put at risk of developing a type of central sleep apnea when opioids and other central nervous system depressants are administered.
Chronic morbidity and age-related changes in the foot place the elderly at very high risk for foot problems that cause pain and impair balance and function.
Typically accelerating around age 75 years, sarcopenia plays a predominant role in frailty, which increases the likelihood of falls, fractures, and hospitalizations that are associated with morbidity, disability, and death.
It has been estimated that treatment of new and recurrent cases of HSV keratitis costs the U.S. $17.7 million annually.
PLMD and RLS may interrupt sleep and may contribute to pain in seniors; drug-induced causes should be minimized or eliminated.
The TRUST Project has the potential to significantly improve the health and well-being of older adults with subclinical hypothyroidism and resolve uncertainties about how best to manage it.
A philosophy of minimizing or eliminating medications that do not support the primary goal of care should be advocated.
While fecal transplantation is effective at eradicating CDI, more randomized controlled trials are needed. Will this procedure become a primary mode of treatment?
Commonly seen in all medical settings, BPD may complicate treatment of comorbidities and adversely affect quality of life.
Educating clinicians through academic detailing is an effective way of enhancing clinical decision making to optimize therapeutic outcomes.
The most common gynecologic malignancy in the elderly may become more common as the metabolic
syndrome increases. Is metformin a promising adjuvant therapy?
Pharmacists, as collaborators in geriatric urologic care, can identify medication etiologies of urinary incontinence, raise awareness of these issues, and provide caregiver guidance.
In the elderly, dyspnea on exertion is a more common manifestation of myocardial ischemia than is chest pain.
The pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility of this condition can contribute to functional disability in seniors.
Adverse drug events are thought to account for more than 10% of ED visits and 25% of hospital admissions in older patients.
According to the CDC, 75% of patients
with hepatitis C are baby boomers; testing, early diagnosis, and
treatment can prevent liver damage, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.
Pain may be under-recognized in patients who have cognitive or sensory impairments or difficulties with language or speech;
it is frequently undertreated in cognitively impaired patients.
Aging can cause weak or stenotic valves.
Dabigatran is more problematic than warfarin regarding side effects in
patients with mechanical heart valves.
Repetitive brain trauma is associated
with progressive neurologic deterioration in some individuals; later
stages of disease are associated with dementia.
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are associated with a late, secondary peak incidence between 60 and 80 years of age.
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