Aging can cause weak or stenotic valves.
Dabigatran is more problematic than warfarin regarding side effects in
patients with mechanical heart valves.
Repetitive brain trauma is associated
with progressive neurologic deterioration in some individuals; later
stages of disease are associated with dementia.
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are associated with a late, secondary peak incidence between 60 and 80 years of age.
Evidence indicates that these agents are linked to increased risks, including bleeding and death,
in surgical patients.
Is rasagiline neuroprotective in Parkinson’s disease? Pharmacists need to rely on current clinical factors.
Navigating across cultures requires tools such as learning
how to listen, empathize, and negotiate a treatment and pharmaceutical
plan with patients.
Since generalized edema is the major
clinical manifestation of this condition, it is often misdiagnosed as
congestive heart failure in geriatric patients.
In conjunction with the rising median age of the U.S.
population, an increase in the use of pneumotoxic drugs to treat
malignancies and cardiovascular diseases in the elderly contributes to
an increased incidence of interstitial lung disease.
The presence of more than 20 moles indicates a higher-than-average risk for melanoma; self-monitoring for warning signs and skin surveillance by a clinician are imperative.
Problems with communication may be a manifestation of memory and cognitive impairment and other contributing factors.
Age-associated physiological changes
render the elderly more susceptible to infection and also predispose
them to antibiotic toxicity.
Degenerative changes of the cervical spine, associated with chronic neck pain
and stiffness, have a strong association with aging.
Age-related alterations in cardiovascular
structure and function, current prescribing trends, and “post-hospital
syndrome” require pharmacists’ attention and expertise.
medication reviews are the basis of a collaborative approach to
medication therapy management
Laryngopharyngeal reflux, or “silent reflux,” differs from
gastroesophageal reflux disease in that it is frequently not associated
with symptoms of heartburn and regurgitation.
Also called vascular cognitive impairment and most
often related to cerebrovascular disease, this type of dementia is the
second most common cause of age-related dementia, following Alzheimer’s
Age-related changes of the foot and
manifestations of systemic disease cause problems including pain,
infection, and reduced range of motion.
As women age, they are at greater physiological risk for alcohol-related health problems.
The risk of this serious disorder
increases with age and certain comorbidities, such as diabetes, cancer,
and immunosuppression with corticosteroids.
This process encompasses consideration of various paths an
illness may take and contingencies for responding to them, based on a
patient’s values and care goals.
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