Endometriosis is a chronic, recurrent disease caused by the extrauterine presence of endometrial tissues.
This migraine preparation may be used alone or (in postmenopausal women) in conjunction with bioidentical hormone therapy.
A formulation that is free of alcohol may be advisable when treating heartburn or esophageal irritation.
This formulation may be used for patients who are unable to swallow the oral form or in cases when titration is necessary.
Counsel patients that this preparation may become more viscous and resistant as it is rubbed into the nail.
The proposed rule will replace existing regulations and provide detailed, current information for patients and their providers.
The mold being used for this compound must be calibrated to accommodate displacement.
Women are underrepresented and gender-specific analysis is uncommon in most clinical trials.
It has been suggested that physicians may be misdiagnosing women more often because their symptoms may differ from those experienced by men.
According to the CDC, all women are at risk for developing gynecologic cancers, and the probability increases with age.
The most common gynecologic malignancy in the elderly may become more common as the metabolic
syndrome increases. Is metformin a promising adjuvant therapy?
Some women may develop nasal congestion due to their pregnancy.
is a mass of muscle tissue that grows in or around the wall of the uterus.
There are no testosterone pills, patches, or gels currently approved by the FDA for treating sexual dysfunction in women.
This combination of anti-infective ingredients has been successfully used to treat infections of the bladder caused by susceptible organisms.
This high-risk formulation should be prepared in accordance with strict aseptic compounding techniques.
This preparation serves the dual purpose of treating foot infections and soothing the skin.
One use for hydroxyzine is to manage pruritus caused by allergic conditions or mediated by histamine.
Other similar commercially available vehicles are equally suitable for this formulation.
Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate gland), which occurs in 5%
to 9% of males aged 18 years and older, most often develops in middle
AKL can reduce burning levels in patients with radiation dermatitis–related neuropathic pain.
This fast-dissolving oral preparation may be used for the symptomatic treatment of migraines.
The vehicle in this preparation does not evaporate, unlike water-containing vehicles.
This formulation may be used in preparation for varicose vein procedures.
Insufficient testosterone production by the testes is a normal part of aging, but it can also be caused by some health conditions.
This preparation has been used to provide relief of moderate-to-severe oral pain and discomfort.
The prevalence of medication use during pregnancy is widespread and on the rise.
Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder are the most common types.
An infection that occurs during pregnancy not only may cause harm to
the mother, but may also affect her fetus (or newborn) or her partner.
Decreased testosterone levels are a primary cause of low bone density in men.
Morning sickness commonly manifests during the first trimester of
pregnancy, usually improving or vanishing completely by the fourth
Folic acid is key to the prevention of neural tube defects.
Plaque-type psoriasis can benefit from this formulation, which penetrates the psoriatic skin.
Dysmenorrhea is the most common menstrual complaint in the United
States, impacting more than 50% of women over the course of their
Major depressive disorder and similar depressive disorders do
not necessarily manifest identically in men and women.
CDC data indicate that, compared with 2010, fewer women in 2011
utilized prescription drugs.
Skin conditions that can benefit from this preparation include acne vulgaris and mottled hyperpigmentation.
This formulation contains approximately 1.0% available iodine.
This preparation has been used to relieve inflammation and itching.
This formulation may be used for situations in which the commercial transdermal system is not appropriate.
This formulation is equivalent to 5 mg/mL anhydrous caffeine.
The neomycin sulfate quantity may need adjustment based upon the assay of the specific lot.
This preparation has been used to treat seizures, chronic pain, bipolar disorder, and social phobia.
Keep this preparation away from heat and flame.
Although similar to a formerly available commercial product, this preparation contains no cod liver oil.
This compound may be used for bowel preparation before abdominal
surgery and selectively for digestive-tract problems in ICU patients.
The latest CDC data reveal that, in 2009–2010,
almost 41 million women and more than 37 million men aged 20 years and
older were obese—more than 35% of the population.
Home pregnancy tests and fertility monitors are generally reliable and easy to use.
The mean number of births per mother drops significantly with increasing age.
Hormone replacement therapy can help prevent osteoporosis and relieve symptoms of menopause in certain women.
This preparation is also suitable for use in children aged 6 years and older.
Hormonal changes from menarche through adulthood affect the intensity
and timing of migraine attacks in females.
The primary objective of this study was to identify women not taking the recommended amount of supplements.
Various drugs are used to induce labor and manage pain during delivery.
Management of pregnancy-related hypertension should emphasize safety of the mother and delivery of a healthy infant.
This high-risk preparation is suitable for the treatment of moderate-to-severe pain.
This preparation may be used to treat hormonal problems in both men and women.
This potent preparation should be applied by a physician, not by a patient or caregiver.
testosterone concentrations affect approximately 4 million men in the
United States, and testosterone replacement therapy in aging men
is widespread and on the increase.
This preparation is suitable for patients who cannot swallow the solid oral form.
This preparation is used as an antiemetic.
Since there is currently a shortage, this product may be compounded to meet patients’ needs.
This drug is approved with restricted distribution for certain cases of erythema nodosum leprosum and multiple myeloma.
This topical preparation may be used to treat Raynaud’s phenomenon and progressive diabetic foot ulcers.
This semisynthetic aminoglycoside antibiotic is presently in short supply.
Product shortages and lack of availability may render it necessary for the pharmacist to compound a suitable alternative.
It is not known why, in some women, endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus.
Removal of the uterus is the second most frequent surgery among reproductive-age women.
This formulation can be compounded for use until the manufactured product—recently in short supply—is readily available.
Hormonal and nonhormonal options are available to treat excessive menstrual bleeding.
The best way to treat loss of bone density is to prevent its occurrence.
Nearly half of all preterm births are preceded by preterm labor, but
preterm birth may also occur following membrane rupture or in the
presence of other medical conditions.
Urogenital symptoms, such as vaginal dryness and/or discomfort during
intercourse, recurrent bladder infections, and stress incontinence, need
not reduce quality of life nor be suffered in silence.
This compound contains six active ingredients with varying mechanisms of pain relief.
This preparation combines an emollient component, which is beneficial for cracked skin, with bacterial action.
Patients with orofacial neuropathic pain can benefit from this preparation.
This formulation should be prepared according to strict aseptic
technique by a pharmacist validated in aseptic compounding methods.
Tea tree oil, which is used to treat some skin disorders, has fungicidal and bactericidal properties.
Patients taking cholesterol-lowering drugs may use this preparation supplementally.
This form may be used by patients unable to take the oral solid form of this anticonvulsant.
This topical agent may be used for such infections as tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis.
This product warms up as it is smoothed into the skin, which may render it more viscous and rub-resistant.
This urinary tract infection test is an affordable procedure with simple instructions that provides accurate results in less than 2 minutes.
This formulation is an alternative for patients who are unable to swallow the tablets.
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world.
Two conditions that require emergent treatment in pregnant women are severe preeclampsia and diabetic ketoacidosis.
This formulation provides relief for sore muscles and mild-to-moderate joint pain.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is an intense form of
premenstrual syndrome distinguished by significant mood changes
and physical symptoms during the second half of the menstrual cycle.
Two FDA-approved vaccines are available that protect against the most widespread HPV genotypes.
Physical inactivity, obesity, and smoking contribute to poor health in women.
This updated compound is more uniform and reliable than the alkaline bladder formulation on which it is based.
Patients with mild-to-moderate neuropathic pain can benefit from treatment with this product.
Because ovarian cysts are common, it is important for pharmacists to be
knowledgeable about treatment options and the risk of malignancy.
When a product is discontinued for economic reasons and is no longer available, it still may be prescribed through compounding.
This dosage form, especially suitable for children, allows for easier administration and flexibility in dosing.
Menopausal symptoms and some female hormonal disorders can benefit from treatment with this preparation.
This chemotherapeutic agent is formulated without Aromatic Elixir USP,
which is not available commercially and is time-consuming to prepare.
At menopause, the decline in ovarian function is associated with changes in the brain's thermoregulatory centers.
This simple, easily modifiable preparation is useful for treating skin
dryness or irritation brought on by low-humidity indoor settings.
While male chauvinism may persist, men might have to give up the self-centered title of the "stronger sex"…at least when it comes to their health.
Some corticosteroid-responsive skin disorders may be treated with this topical preparation.
A liquid version of this influenza medication may be easily prepared using the capsule formulation.
In lozenge form, this analgesic and anesthetic agent can be prepared to suit the patient's individual flavor preference.
Pain and inflammatory conditions of the oral cavity may be relieved with this preparation.
Women are living an average of 79.8 years, which is 5 years longer than the life expectancy for men.
This chronic pain syndrome is seven times more common in women than in men.
During this surgery, informally referred to as “tying the
tubes,” a woman's fallopian tubes are closed off, effectively
Breastfeeding mothers often approach pharmacists for counsel, not only
concerning issues related to medication or devices and products, but
also regarding the act of breastfeeding and its accompanying concerns
The key ingredient in this compound is used for the alleviation of minor skin irritations and disorders.
Swimmer's ear, a common summertime ailment, may be treated with this antibiotic preparation.
The incidence of testicular cancer is relatively low in the United States.
Among men, prostate cancer is the second most common type of
cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death, according to the
National Cancer Institute.
The primary site of cancer among men is the prostate, accounting for 25% of cancer cases in males.
It is important to correctly diagnose this condition because effective
treatment depends on knowing the type of prostatitis present.
Many of the causes of this condition can be treated surgically and/or medically.
Treatment with this preparation may minimize the progression of skin
damage from actinic keratoses and help prevent skin cancers from
The FDA's position seems to cast aspersions on the entire compounding community.
This preparation can be applied to the surface of open ulcers and wounds.
This high-risk compound, which is used to relieve pain and
inflammation, should be prepared according to stringent aseptic
This preparation can be used for the relief of nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery.
This form of delivery is effective because it remains longer on the diseased area compared with rinses.
This preparation can be used in patients who have difficulty swallowing pills or in those for whom other administration routes are not desirable.
Psoriasis and other chronic skin conditions responsive to the primary ingredient may be treated with this preparation.
GPhA Congratulates President-Elect Obama In congratulating Senator Obama on his election win, Kathleen Jaeger, president and CEO of the Generic Pharmaceutical Association (GPhA), said that Obama and the new Congress "must now tackle the serious challenges facing our economy, including rising health care costs" by increasing access to "affordable generic and biogeneric medicines.
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is a highly prevalent disorder affecting women's quality of life across the lifespan and around the world.
FDA Sends Ranbaxy Warning Letters; Import Alert Issued The FDA has sent two Warning Letters to Ranbaxy Laboratories, Ltd.
Alcoholism (or alcohol dependence ) is a chronic disease of the brain.
ABSTRACT: Male breast cancer is an uncommon but potentially deadly disorder.
In 2003, most hysterectomies (90%) performed in the United States were done for benign conditions, which make up the majority of indications for this procedure.
The Vagisil Screening Kit is an in-home test that allows a woman to screen for the presence of vaginal infection by measuring her vaginal pH ( FIGURE 1 ).
A lthough relatively common, vaginal bleeding is considered abnormal when reported in a woman who has passed the onset of menopause.
Contraceptive choices currently available in the United States provide safe, reliable, effective, and affordable birth control for virtually any patient.
Alcoholism (or alcohol dependence ) is a chronic disease of the brain.
In 1998, the FDA issued regulations requiring the addition of folic acid to cereals, enriched breads, flour, cornmeal, rice, pasta, and other cereal-grain products.
Preconception care seeks to ensure optimal health for all women of childbearing age before a first pregnancy or between pregnancies (also known as interconception care ).
A mammogram is an x-ray that is used to detect abnormalities in breast tissue. Screening mammography is performed in healthy women to detect early signs of cancer, such as masses or calcium deposits in the breast tissue.
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance.
The CDC's 2006 National Health Interview Survey examined selected health measures in adult males.
A ndrogenic alopecia, or male pattern baldness, is the most common form of alopecia, occurring in more than 50% of men.
A team of dental researchers at New York University have uncovered evidence that pregnant women who suffer from periodontal disease are more likely than those with healthy gums to develop gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
Human hair carries many connotations.
A hernia is a bulging of connective tissue (fascia) through a weak area or tear in the wall of muscle that holds the intestines in place.
While the November presidential and congressional elections are still many months away, it is widely expected that health care reform will be at the top of the domestic policy agenda in the upcoming fall campaign.
Q: While their approaches differ, both Democratic hopefuls Senators Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton are calling for reformation of the United States health care system by instituting a "universal health care" model.
Pharmacists should be familiar with the legal issues involved when they dispense a drug manufactured by a company other than the one that makes the brand name of the prescribed drug.
There is little debate that the Rx-to-OTC switch movement (when a prescription drug is reclassified to nonprescription or OTC status) has caused major changes in the pharmacy marketplace. When the patent on a prescription medication expires, the manufacturer typically experiences a dip in profits due to emerging competition from generics.
Pharmaceuticals are a large part of health care expenditures in the United States.
A study by a team of researchers at Tel Aviv University in Israel uncovered that the very same drug that helps prevent pregnancies may play an important role in helping women conceive through in vitro fertilization (IVF).
The age-old expression that "you are what you eat" may not be necessarily so according to researchers at the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University and colleagues from King's College in London.
Millions of women gave up on their hormone replacement therapy (HRT) drugs following the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) report several years ago that linked HRT to increased risk of breast cancer, stoke, and deep venous thrombosis and showed no evidence of a reduction in heart disease.
Smokers, particularly women, now have more to worry about when it comes to the possible health hazards of smoking.
A review of published studies by researchers in Scotland uncovered supporting evidence that drinking cranberry juice might reduce, or even prevent, urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women.
By the age of 70, nearly 80% of men have benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a prostate condition that can cause a variety of bothersome urinary symptoms.
A blood test for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels remains a key diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Despite the increased prevalence of obesity, there is still a population of patients who suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa (anorexia), bulimia nervosa (bulimia), or a combination.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as onset or first recognition of carbohydrate intolerance during pregnancy; 1-3 this definition does not encompass women who are known to have diabetes prior to conception.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous metabolic and reproductive disorder characterized by androgen excess and menstrual irregularities.
According to a 2007 report released by the National Institutes of Health, urinary tract infections (UTIs) cost Americans approximately $3.5 billion a year, making UTI one of the five most expensive urologic health problems in the United States.
Throughout the United States, pharmacists are playing an integral role in educating adults, as well as health care professionals, on the importance of routine adult vaccinations.
The periodontium, defined as the tissues that surround and support the teeth, includes the gingivae (gums), bone, cementum (root surface), and periodontal ligament (fibers that hold the tooth in the socket).
Research has proven that breast milk is more beneficial to a newborn than formula.
Pregnancy has been identified as a condition prone to thrombosis and embolism, although there is limited published information regarding treatment options for thrombosis in pregnant women.
It is considered unethical for manufacturers to design prospective human trials to ascertain potential teratogenicity or to determine dangers to a baby when medications pass into breast milk.
Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vaginal tissue that can be accompanied by intense itching, pain, and discharge.
Gynecomastia refers to breast enlargement in males.
According to the CDC's 2003 mortality statistics, the top two causes of death--heart diseases and cancers--accounted for 51% of all deaths, compared with 59% in 1980.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a term that refers to an enlargement of the prostate gland in older men, a condition that can cause a variety of urinary tract symptoms.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement on breast-feeding recommends that women breast-feed their infants exclusively for at least the first six months of life and suggests trying to breast-feed for the first 12 months of life.
The Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 is commonly referred to as the Waxman-Hatch Act , after the law's primary authors, Rep.
Generic drugs provide Americans with lower-cost alternatives to the escalating costs of brand name drugs.
For community pharmacists, when Uncle Sam says "AMP," it might as well stand for "Ain't My Price.
Pharmacies have an ever-growing number of generic suppliers that provide product selection and variety.
Senior adults, while the leading consumers of prescription and OTC medications, often present with confusion, frustration, and economic difficulties relating to the procurement of their medication.
Q: Many pharmacists have told us that reimbursements of Medicaid prescriptions based on AMP (average manufacturer price) instead of AWP (average wholesale price) will have devastating effects on their profits when it comes to dispensing generics.
When a medication becomes available as a generic, the patient is offered a comparably safe and effective but more affordable treatment option, compared to the brand name product.