In June 2012, the American
Cancer Society (ACS) released updated guidelines for early detection of
Pancreatic cancer is a devastating and lethal disease affecting one in 68 Americans.
Four new drugs (abiraterone, avanafil, clobazam, tafluprost) that were approved by the FDA in the past year are reviewed.
Until recently, the PSA test was the gold standard as part of
physical examinations for men, especially in those older than 50 years
Cancer pain affects one in three patients and significantly impacts quality of life.
Melanoma, the fifth most common cancer in the United States, accounts
for fewer than 5% of skin cancer cases but is the most serious form of
the disease, causing up to 75% of skin cancer–related deaths.
Novel agents are being investigated to achieve a better therapeutic outcome and a reduction in adverse events.
This assay helps determine whether trastuzumab treatment may be considered.
In 2010, the urinary bladder was the fourth most common site
of new cancer cases in the United States, with an estimated 70,530 new
cases and 14,680 deaths.
Lymphoma is a form of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, a part of the body’s immune system that helps fight infection.
This kit is a tool for use in
assessing the clinical course of breast cancer and response to therapy in
certain patients with the disease.
The classic form of this disease occurs most often in men over 60 years old of Italian, Jewish, or Eastern European lineage.
This chemotherapeutic agent is formulated without Aromatic Elixir USP,
which is not available commercially and is time-consuming to prepare.
Routine examinations, beginning at age 50, are key to preventing this disease and saving lives.
Temsirolimus and everolimus are now indicated as therapy for this type of cancer.
The incidence of testicular cancer is relatively low in the United States.
Among men, prostate cancer is the second most common type of
cancer and the third leading cause of cancer death, according to the
National Cancer Institute.
The primary site of cancer among men is the prostate, accounting for 25% of cancer cases in males.
Melanoma is the least common but most dangerous form of skin cancer.
This preparation can be used for the relief of nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery.
ABSTRACT: Tyrosine kinases are a family of proteins that contribute to the development of cancer.
ABSTRACT: Male breast cancer is an uncommon but potentially deadly disorder.
The CDC's 2006 National Health Interview Survey examined selected health measures in adult males.
ABSTRACT: Thalidomide, a drug once thought to have no clinical benefit due to its significant toxicity, has now become a potential agent for the treatment of hematologic malignancies and some solid tumors.
ABSTRACT: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22, forming the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome.
In 2006, the purchase of 371 billion cigarettes accounted for 90% of all money spent on tobacco products.
Attendees at a meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research learned that while the results of a study conducted at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ, showed that atorva statin (Lipitor) and celecoxib (Celebrex) individually slowed tumor progression from androgen-dependent to androgen-independent status, the two drugs combined had additive growth-inhibiting activity compared with either drug alone.
ABSTRACT: Cancer, chemotherapy, and surgery are conditions that increase the risk of the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE), a common and potentially life-threatening condition.
For all the hoopla and noise being made by the two presidential hopefuls over the state of our health care, there is not much talk about life expectancy in the United States compared with that in other countries.
Researchers at the National Sun Yat-Sen University and Kaohsiung Medical University in Taiwan say they've uncovered a mechanism by which nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) attenuate tumor invasion and metastasis, leading them to think that NSAIDs may be a novel class of effective chemopreventive drugs.
Researchers at London's Guy's Hospital said that aspirin and similar non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could reduce breast cancer by up to 20%.
Adverse effects of AIs include cardiovascular dysfunction such as hypertension, vasodilation, edema, and chest pain.
ABSTRACT: Multiple myeloma accounts for approximately 1% of new cancer diagnoses in the United States each year.
ABSTRACT: Skin, the largest organ in the human body, has several functions, including protection from mechanical, thermal, and environmental impact.
Between 1975 and 2004 the number of new cases of melanoma rose, and it is estimated that 60,000 new cases occurred in 2007.
Iris BioTechnologies focuses on diagnostic therapy for individual patients based on their genomic profile.
ABSTRACT: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), an oncologic emergency, results when cancer cells are rapidly lysed after chemotherapy or other treatments.
ABSTRACT: The frequency of bone cancer is very rare, with only 400 to 700 new cases diagnosed annually.
ABSTRACT: Despite advancements in chemotherapy treatments, dermatologic complications continue to be associated with chemotherapeutic agents.
According to a report from the American Cancer Society, 12 million new cases of malignancy were diagnosed worldwide in 2007; this translates to 7.6 million people dying from the disease.
Despite a 0.6% increase in pediatric malignancies, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that fewer children are dying from cancers. In a report by Loria Pollack, MD, and colleagues that was published in Mortality and Morbidity Weekly Report, the researchers stated that the lower pediatric mortality rate of cancer in the U.S. "likely reflects advances in cancer treatment in this population."
FDA Says No Change in Cardio Risks for Prilosec and Nexium Earlier this year, AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of Prilosec (omeprazole) and Nexium (esomeprazole), sent the FDA results of studies being conducted by the pharmaceutical company on the long-term use of the two drugs.
Phytoestrogens are trace biochemicals produced by plants that act like estrogens in animal cells and bodies.
The post-test exam and post-activity evaluation form are available at www.
Key Myeloma Mechanism Discovered In a discovery that might lead to a greater understanding of how multiple myeloma starts and how to best treat the disease, researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) have identified changes to molecules in cancer cells that activate the NF-kappaB signaling pathway, which has an important role in cancer cell growth and survival.
ABSTRACT: In the United States, breast cancer and prostate cancer are the most common types of cancer diagnosed in women and men, respectively.
According to a study done at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland, there is good news for women who take oral contraceptives for eight or fewer years.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids Reduce Risk of Type 1 Diabetes in Children Preliminary research published in a recent issue of JAMA suggests that the dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids by children at increased genetic risk for type 1 diabetes is associated with a reduced risk of pancreatic islet autoimmunity, which is linked to the development of this disease.
ABSTRACT: Non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in the United States, and treatment for patients with advanced NSCLC remains an important, clinically complex challenge.
Many Cancers Signal HIV/AIDS More infection-related cancers result from immunodeficiencies than previously thought, according to a meta-analysis reported in Lancet .
Genes May Have Role in Colorectal and Prostate Cancers Several studies suggest there may be a common genetic link to the development of colorectal and prostate cancers.
Childhood Cancer Survivors Have Higher Health Risks as Adults While more effective treatments for childhood cancers have dramatically improved survival rates, children who had been treated for cancer could to be at a higher risk of health problems as adults.
ABSTRACT: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a hematologic malignancy associated with chromosomal abnormalities, including the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph).
ABSTRACT: Therapeutic cancer vaccines differ from traditional vaccines in that they are only given to patients who already have cancer, with the goal of decreasing the spread of the disease and prolonging survival.
ABSTRACT: In the United States, it is estimated that the frequency of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among cancer patients is approximately 1 in 200.
ED Drugs May Have Other Benefits Studies recently presented at the American Urological Association meeting point to the fact that type 5 phosphodiesterase (PDE5) inhibitors used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) may be effective against benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and lower urinary tract symptoms.
Regular Aspirin Use Reduces Risk of Colon Cancer
A South African study published in Lancet found that HIV-positive mothers who exclusively breast-fed their babies could likely cut HIV transmission in half.
New Drug to Treat Advanced Breast Cancer The FDA has approved lapatinib (Tykerb, GlaxoSmithKline), a new molecular entity to be used in combination with capectabine (Xeloda, Roche Laboratories), for patients with advanced, metastatic breast cancer that is HER2 positive.
Erythropoiesis, or the production of erythrocytes (i.
Skin cancer occurrence in organ transplant recipients (OTRs) is a rising phenomenon.
Prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor affecting men in the United States.
Thromboembolism is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States.
Blood clotting is a very complicated process.
Circumcision Reduces HIV Transmission Two studies in the Lancet bring the number of studies establishing a strong link between circumcision and a reduction in the risk of HIV transmission to three.
Number of New Cancer Patients Expected to Double The number of new cancer patients is expected to more than double in the United States over the next half-century from 1.
Body Fluid Displacement Can Lead to Sleep Apnea
Breast Cancer Patients May Benefit from Second Opinion
ABSTRACT: Emesis as an adverse event of antineoplastic therapy can be troublesome for many oncology patients.
In the United States, kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) is estimated to be the seventh most common cancerous condition diagnosed in men and the 13th most common in women, accounting for 2.7% of all malignant conditions.