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DEA Form 106 and Loss of Controlled Substances

A pharmacy must report the theft or significant loss of controlled substances to the DEA within one business day.

Ulcerative Colitis

This type of inflammatory bowel disease causes swelling and ulceration of the inner lining of the large intestine and rectum.

Utility of Probiotics in Gastrointestinal Disease

Patients may need help in understanding the key differences between the many available OTC formulations.

Preventive HIV Vaccines: Progress and Challenges

Despite the success of standard regimens, antiretroviral therapy is complicated by potential drug-drug interactions, patient nonadherence, and adverse effects.

State May Regulate Dispensing of Emergency Contraception

This ruling is the latest in a series of judgments on whether religious believers can opt out of providing services.

Low Risk of Complications in AF Patients on Well-Managed Warfarin 5/17/2016

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Managing Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy 5/17/2016

The disorder, which is characterized by left ventricular hypertrophy, is usually not progressive, but a small subset of patients develop serious complications, such as progressive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, and sudden cardiac death.

Metformin Lowers Risk of Heart Disease Death Better Than Sulfonylureas 5/17/2016

Statins Show Benefit Even With Intermediate Risk for Heart Disease 4/20/2016

Which Statin Alternative Is More Effective in Patients With Muscle Symptoms? 4/13/2016

Follow-up After AMI Affects Adherence to Preventive Medications 4/6/2016

No Increase in Heart Failure Hospitalization With Incretin-Based Drugs 4/6/2016

Diabetes Drug May Prevent Recurrent Strokes 3/17/2016

Anti-Hypertension Therapy Risky for Diabetics With Lower Blood Pressure 3/16/2016

Reversal Agent Shown Effective in Dabigatran Users With Brain Bleed 3/9/2016

Stroke Survivors More Adherent to Mail-Order, Not Local, Prescriptions 3/2/2016

Cardiovascular Complications of Ketoacidosis 2/17/2016

Electrolyte disturbances and catecholamine release can result in acute cardiovascular changes.

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Duration in Patients With Drug-Eluting Stents 2/17/2016

Complications seen with percutaneous coronary intervention led to the development of bare metal stents and, later, drug-eluting stents.

Greasing the Silent Wheel 2/17/2016

Blood lipid screening offered by pharmacies can help busy people keep track of their cholesterol levels.

Medications Associated With Implantable Cardiac Devices 2/17/2016

Pharmacists must know how drugs affect the efficacy and safety of these devices.

Monoclonal Antibodies for the Treatment of Hypercholesterolemia 2/17/2016

Cholesterol concentrations in many patients with familial hypercholesterolemia are poorly controlled despite dietary changes and maximum pharmacologic therapy.

Periodontitis: Risk for Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease? 2/17/2016

Although recent studies cast doubt on the notion that periodontal disease may be a risk factor for heart disease, reducing periodontal bacteria that can travel below the gum line to the heart is imperative.

Recommending Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease 2/17/2016

Aspirin has long been used for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, and more recently it has been used for its antithrombotic effect in reducing cardiovascular disease risk.

Response to Cardiac Arrests in Community Settings 2/17/2016

Annually, more than 350,000 Americans die from heart disease, of which number nearly one-half die suddenly from cardiac arrest.

Role of Vitamin D Deficiency in Heart Disease 2/17/2016

Despite evidence that lacking this fat-soluble secosteroid might contribute to CVD, more clinical studies are needed to identify the cause and effect.

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Syncope 2/17/2016

This condition is caused by a sudden slowing of blood flow to the brain.

The CardioMEMS HF System 2/17/2016

Preventing decompensation is crucial in managing heart failure, and this device effectively monitors symptoms and reduces hospitalizations.

Verapamil Hydrochloride 50 mg/mL Oral Liquid 2/17/2016

The concentration of the drug in this preparation may be altered to meet the patient’s needs.

Perioperative Statin Use Reduces CABG Surgery Complications 1/27/2016

Stroke Risks Increase With Alpha-Blockers in Older Men Untreated for Hypertension 1/15/2016

Cardiovascular Events Not Increased for Healthy Testosterone Users 11/30/2015

Approval of Reversal Agents Could Expand Use of New Anticoagulants 11/13/2015

Intensive Blood Pressure Management Saves Lives 10/16/2015

Common Blood Pressure Drug More Beneficial Than Thought 9/24/2015

Increased Statin Use for Primary Prevention in Oldest Elderly 9/15/2015

Real-World Data Confirms Safety of Rivaroxaban in AF Patients 9/9/2015

Watch Out for ADHD Stimulant Use in Heart Rhythm Disorder Patients 8/18/2015

Some Common Postoperative Antiemetics May Increase Arrhythmia Risk 7/20/2015

LipidPlus: A Device to Monitor Lipid Profile and Blood Glucose 6/23/2015

This system provides rapid results without the use of venipuncture.

Antifactor Xa Monitoring in Patients on IV Unfractionated Heparin 3/18/2015

Despite the introduction of newer anticoagulants, IV unfractionated heparin is one of the most commonly used parenteral anticoagulants for preventing and treating venous thromboembolism

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Anticoagulants 2/18/2015

Anticoagulant medicines are used to keep blood clots from forming in the arteries or veins or prevent existing clots from growing larger.

Cardiac Fibrosis: New Treatments in Cardiovascular Medicine 2/18/2015

Historically, cardiac fibrosis has not been a focus for treatment; however, it is now believed that therapy could reduce the progression of heart failure and other cardiovascular diseases.

Cocaine-Induced Cardiomyopathy 2/18/2015

Adverse effects, primarily cardiovascular in nature, are of concern because of their severe and possibly chronic nature.

Digoxin Use in Modern Medicine 2/18/2015

Digoxin, a cardiac glycoside, has inotropic effects in addition to effects on cardiac output.

Prevalence of Risk-Reduction Strategies for Cardiovascular Disease 2/18/2015

Evidence-based strategies, including the CDC’s Million Hearts initiative, are being used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Reversal of Novel Oral Anticoagulants 2/18/2015

No true antidote for these agents has been developed, so patients requiring rapid reversal must be appropriately monitored and managed.

The Application of High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein in Clinical Practice: A 2015 Update 2/18/2015

Testing for the inflammatory marker CRP may improve risk stratification, especially in intermediate-risk patients.

New Study Questions Aspirin for Primary Prevention 12/17/2014

Tight Blood Pressure Therapy Does Not Cause More Falls 9/17/2014

Deep Venous Thrombosis: The “Economy Class Syndrome” 7/17/2014

DVT should be treated using anticoagulant and possibly thrombolytic therapy.

New Cholesterol Treatment Guideline: Implications for Pharmacy Practice 6/19/2014

The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol takes an evidence-based approach that stresses the reduction of cardiovascular risk.

Congenital and Acquired Long QT Syndrome: A Pharmacist’s Perspective 5/16/2014

Long QT syndrome, a heart condition in which cardiac repolarization is delayed following a heartbeat, can be detected by measuring the QT interval on an ECG.

Acute Pericarditis Treatment: Update on Colchicine 4/18/2014

Acute pericarditis (inflammation of the pericardial sac) is the most common pericardial disease, accounting for 5% of emergency department admissions in patients presenting with nonischemic chest pain.

Target-Specific Oral Anticoagulants 4/18/2014

The challenges associated with maintaining warfarin render target-specific oral anticoagulants an attractive option because they do not require routine monitoring and are associated with a low number of drug interactions.

Cardiovascular Risk Associated With NSAIDs and COX-2 Inhibitors 3/19/2014

Nonselective NSAIDs have the lowest risk of cardiovascular events.

Amlodipine 1 mg/mL Oral Liquid 2/19/2014

This preparation is suitable for pediatric patients and other patients who are unable to swallow the solid oral dosage form.

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Blood Pressure Reading 2/19/2014

Blood pressure readings can be taken manually or with an automatic monitoring device.

Caffeine May Protect Against Atrial Fibrillation 2/19/2014

Cardiac Catheterization: A Review for Pharmacists 2/19/2014

Pharmacotherapy plays a key role before, during, and after this cardiovascular procedure.

Cardiac Procedures During Short-Stay Hospitalization 2/19/2014

Medical devices represent a relatively small share of national health care dollars.

Hypotension: A Clinical Care Review 2/19/2014

Low blood pressure can be easily recognized by key signs and symptoms.

Pediatric Hypertension 2/19/2014

An estimated 3% to 5% of children have high blood pressure, and the incidence is rising.

Panel Advises Higher Blood Pressure Threshold in Older Adults 1/22/2014

New Statin Guidelines Issued 12/18/2013

Drug Interactions Associated With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Therapy 10/18/2013

Pharmacists with specialized knowledge about the agents used for this disorder are well equipped to perform drug monitoring, thus preventing adverse events.

Optimal Dosing for Elderly Heart Patients Explored 9/18/2013

Exercise Pill a Possibility 8/20/2013

Therapeutic Hypothermia: Improving Post–Cardiac Arrest Care 3/20/2013

Lowering body temperature after cardiac arrest has been show to improve morbidity and mortality .

Acute Decompensated Heart Failure 2/20/2013

Discharge support and rapid postdischarge follow-up are important for patients with this cardiovascular disorder.

Antiarrhythmic Therapy for Atrial Fibrillation 2/20/2013

Atrial fibrillation affects more than 2 million people in the United States, making it the most common atrial arrhythmia.

Benefits and Risks of Daily Aspirin Use 2/20/2013

Patients should consult their physician before taking aspirin to prevent stroke and heart attack.

Cardiac Asthma: Not Your Typical Asthma 2/20/2013

Cardiac asthma is commonly mistaken for bronchial asthma since both conditions have similar symptoms and timing.

Consequences of Cardiovascular Diseases 2/20/2013

According to a CDC report, high blood pressure, high LDL cholesterol, and smoking are key risk factors for heart disease, and 49% of adults have at least one of these three risk factors.

Diabetes and Sudden Cardiac Death 2/20/2013

Sudden cardiac death is an event that can occur in asymptomatic individuals, as well as in those with advanced cardiovascular disease.

Lisinopril 1 mg/mL Oral Liquid 2/20/2013

A liquid dosage form usually is necessary for infants and young children requiring this drug.

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Mitral Valve Prolapse 2/20/2013

Mitral valve prolapse is often first noticed during a physical examination, when a murmur or clicking sound is heard through a stethoscope as the heart beats.

The Pathophysiology and Treatment of Stable Angina Pectoris 2/20/2013

This condition is the most common manifestation of myocardial ischemia.

Depression in Cardiac Patients: Underrecognized and Undertreated 11/20/2012

Depression is common in patients with cardiac disease.

Fish Oil: Is It Cardioprotective? 10/19/2012

FDA Approves Two Weight Loss Drugs 8/21/2012

Large Vitamin C Doses May Reduce Blood Pressure 5/22/2012

PAD: Millions Undiagnosed or Untreated 3/20/2012

Peripheral artery disease is caused by a buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries.

Drug-Eluting Stents 2/17/2012

While bare-metal stents are still utilized, drug-eluting stents now offer clinicians the ability to prevent restenosis via a different mechanism.

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Hyperlipidemia 2/17/2012

Hyperlipidemia is dangerous because the extra cholesterol circulating in the bloodstream forms the basis for plaque lining the arteries.

Hypotension: Postprandial and Orthostatic 2/17/2012

Both of these forms of low blood pressure have additive, rather than synergistic, mechanisms.

Impact of an Inpatient Anticoagulation Monitoring Program 2/17/2012

Implementation of a pharmacist/student monitoring program will likely improve patient care for anticoagulated patients on warfarin. 

Oral Options for VTE Prophylaxis After Orthopedic Surgery 2/17/2012

Venous thromboembolism occurs with high frequency in hospitalized patients who do not receive anticoagulant therapy.

Pharmacologic Management of Stroke 2/17/2012

Pharmacologic therapy for stroke may be divided into stroke-specific treatment and stroke prevention.

Risk Factors for Heart Disease 2/17/2012

Heart disease is a leading cause of death in people of most racial/ethnic groups, including African Americans, American Indians/Alaska Natives, Hispanics, and whites.

Statin-Associated Myopathy 2/17/2012

This adverse event may be dose related. 

The Pharmacist’s Role in Antiplatelet Therapy 2/17/2012

Platelet activation plays a major role in normal homeostasis, but uncontrolled platelet activation leads to the formation of occlusive platelet-rich thrombi, which cause ischemic diseases such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease.

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women: What Not to Use 9/20/2011

Public cognizance of the fact that cardiovascular disease—once thought to be a man’s disease—is the leading cause of death among women in the United States has increased 24% since 1997.

Study Asserts Possibility of Being Obese and Healthy 9/20/2011

Evaluating and Treating Chest Pain in the Acute Care Setting 5/18/2011

Chest pain is a common occurrence in primary, acute, and urgent care settings, and it is one of the most cited reasons for which people seek medical attention.

Mounting Evidence for Link Between Calcium Supplements and Heart Problems 5/18/2011

Hypertensive Crises: Urgencies and Emergencies 3/18/2011

The presence or absence of target organ damage is the guiding factor in classification and treatment of this condition.

Acute Pericarditis 2/18/2011

In the United States, acute pericarditis accounts for approximately 1 of every 1,000 hospital admissions and 1% of emergency room visits in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation on ECG.

Ambulatory Care Visits for Selected Cardiovascular Diseases 2/18/2011

According to the CDC, 24%, 12%, 6%, and 3% of U.S. adults were told during ambulatory care visits in 2006 that they had hypertension, heart disease, coronary heart disease, and stroke, respectively.

Calcium Supplementation and Cardiovascular Risk 2/18/2011

Conflicting evidence has been published to support both the cardiovascular benefits of and the risks associated with calcium intake.

Little Evidence to Support Statins in Low-Risk Patients 2/18/2011

Medication-Induced QT-Interval Prolongation and Torsades de Pointes 2/18/2011

Torsades de pointes is an ECG manifestation characterized by a form of ventricular tachycardia with a spiral appearance and complexes that first look positive and then negative.

Nonprescription Products and Heart Warnings 2/18/2011

A great many OTC products advise against medically unsupervised use in patients with heart disease or hypertension. 

The Safe and Appropriate Use of Thrombolytics in the Emergency Department 2/18/2011

Despite specific criteria for these agents, eligibility, dosing, and administration errors may occur. 

Warfarin and Beyond: An Update On Oral Anticoagulation Therapy 2/18/2011

A number of alternatives to this widely used drug are available or under investigation, including dabigatran (Pradaxa). 

Neurocardiogenic Syncope: A Focus on the Management of Vasovagal Episodes 1/20/2011

Prompt identification of the underlying causes of a fainting spell is essential in determining prognosis and treatment strategies. 

Most Heart Attack Patients Not Taking Preventive Medications 12/17/2010

Patients Unaware of Interactions Between Warfarin and Dietary Supplements 12/17/2010

Tomato Products May Improve Heart Health 12/17/2010

The Management of Angina Pectoris 10/20/2010

According to the American Heart Association, more than 6 million people in the United States experience angina, with more women than men affected.

First Generic Enoxaparin Sodium Injection 9/20/2010

Surprising Relationship Between Coffee and Heart Rhythm 4/19/2010

Pediatric Hypertension: A Review of Diagnosis and Treatment 3/19/2010

Hypertension has become a significant pediatric health problem owing to the increased number of overweight children.

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Cardiac Pacemaker 2/19/2010

This device senses the heart's rate and rhythm and transmits an electrical impulse to normalize an abnormal heartbeat.

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Exploring the Link Between Blood Pressure and Lifestyle 2/19/2010

Adopting healthy practices is essential to preventing hypertension and managing it successfully.

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Pharmacist’s Role in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Management 2/19/2010

Initial treatment is directed at hemodynamic improvement and reducing congestion.

Prevalence and Impact of Cardiovascular Diseases 2/19/2010

Despite declines in recent years, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in people of most ethnicities.

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Protective Role of Vitamin D on the Cardiovascular System 2/19/2010

The relationship between nutrient deficiency and heart health is explored.

Statins May Worsen Cardiac Symptoms 12/17/2009

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Management of Hypertensive Crises 5/19/2009

Hypertension is one of the most common chronic medical conditions in the United States, affecting 29% of people over the age of 18.

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Antiplatelet Therapy for the Secondary Prevention of Acute Coronary Syndrome 2/20/2009

Dual antiplatelet therapy is an imperative medical therapy for the secondary prevention of ACS.

Automated External Defibrillators in the Community Setting 2/20/2009

A defibrillator is a device that applies therapeutic electric shocks to the heart in order to restore normal heart rhythms before the malfunctioning heart suffers sudden cardiac arrest.

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Cardiovascular Risk: What Should We Measure? 2/20/2009

Cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death worldwide, involves mechanisms that have yet to be fully understood.

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Food and Lifestyle Interactions With Warfarin: A Review 2/20/2009

Screening warfarin patients for consumption of grapefruit, cranberry, alcohol, and tobacco products may help reduce the risk of an interaction.

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Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk Factors 2/20/2009

Metabolic syndrome, also referred to as Syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome, consists of a number of metabolic risk factors that increase the risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other cardiovascular complications such as cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, and thrombotic events.

Prevalence of Selected Cardiovascular Diseases 2/20/2009

In 2005, cardiovascular disease—including myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, and stroke—affected 459 million women and 410 million men in the United States.

An Overview of Antioxidants 12/15/2008

An antioxidant, or a free-radical scavenger, is a molecule capable of decreasing or preventing the oxidation of other molecules.

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The Pleiotropic Effects of Statins: A Panacea? 10/17/2008

Landmark clinical trials such as the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (also known as 4S), the West of Scotland Coronary Prevention Study, the Long-Term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease Trial, the Heart Protection Study, and the Cholesterol and Recurrent Events Trial have solidified the utility of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, or statins, for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Nebivolol: New Beta-Blocker for Hypertension 10/17/2008

Beta-Blockers for the Treatment of Hypertension

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Drug-Induced Hypertension 9/18/2008

Pharmacists often receive inquiries about the effects of medications on blood pressure.

The Role of C-Reactive Protein 7/18/2008

The human body responds to injury and infection by a process called inflammation.

Diuretics in the Treatment of Heart Failure 6/19/2008

Heart failure (HF) afflicts 5.3 million people in the

Cocaine-Related Chest Pain 5/20/2008

Cocaine is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs, and its abuse is a widespread problem in the United States and around the world...

Hypertension Vaccine Could Become Reality 4/18/2008

A vaccine being developed in Switzerland and currently in an industry-sponsored phase II trial appears to effectively block angiotensin II, a known cause of hypertension.

RA Drugs Lower Risk of Heart Attacks and Strokes 4/18/2008

An international team of researchers has concluded that patients who are prescribed drugs to treat rheumatoid arthritis could be lowering their chances of heart attacks and strokes.

Bad Eating Habits Can Trigger Metabolic Syndrome 4/18/2008

Metabolic syndrome--which is characterized by risk factors for cardiovascular disease that include diabetes, hypertension, elevated triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL or "good" cholesterol), high fasting glucose levels, and increased waist size--can be triggered in adults who eat two or more portions of meat a day.

Low Vitamin D Levels in Patients with Hypertension Linked to Cardio Risks 3/20/2008

Researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital involved with the Framingham Heart Study reported that moderate vitamin D deficiency nearly doubles the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure over a mean of 5.4 years in patients with high blood pressure.

The New Renin Antagonist: Aliskiren 2/20/2008

Last year saw the introduction of a direct renin antagonist (RA), the first new class of antihypertensive medications to enter the market in more than a decade.

Mitral Valve Prolapse 2/20/2008

1 It is the most common cause of severe, nonischemic mitral regurgitation in the United States.

Home Blood Pressure Monitoring 2/20/2008

Blood pressure measurement is critical in diagnosing hypertension and managing the efficacy of antihypertensive medications.

Warfarin and Adverse Drug Events 2/20/2008

Warfarin, the oral anticoagulant most frequently used to control and prevent thromboembolic disorders, is increasingly common among seniors.

CVD in Adults with Diabetes 2/20/2008

Adults with diabetes are at greater risk than those without for dying from heart disease.

Looking in the Mirror 2/20/2008

During the fall of 2007, I was 43 years old.

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Atrial Fibrillation 2/14/2008

The atria are the two smaller upper chambers of the heart that pump blood into the ventricles (the two larger lower chambers of the heart) after they receive an electrical signal.

Taking a Siesta May Lower Blood Pressure 12/20/2007

For most people, taking a daytime nap can revive a sagging energy level, but for some it may actually help to lower their blood pressure.

Clinical News Digest 12/20/2007

Blood Pressure Vaccine Shows Promise Swiss researchers say their work in producing a viable blood pressure vaccine is on the right course.

Clinical News Digest 11/19/2007

Seeing Red in Cherries May Promote Health Benefits Researchers at the Ohio State University and University of Michigan suggest that the coloring in cherries and other fruits and vegetables may help slow the growth of colon cancer cells or lower the risk of metabolic syndrome and heart disease.

Clots Are a Factor for Frequent Flyers 11/19/2007

A survey of nearly 9,000 business travelers found that long flights tripled the risk of developing venous thrombosis.

Diesel Exhaust and Heart Disease Don't Mix Well 10/18/2007

A study conducted by researchers at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, concluded that breathing diesel fumes during exercise, even for a brief period of time, promoted myocardial ischemia in men who have had a heart attack.

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Pulmonary Embolism 7/2/2007

A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that breaks off from the walls of a vein and travels through the circulation to the heart and eventually the lungs. The clot blocks the flow of blood to the lung tissue, which can result in serious complications and even death.

Treatment of Infectious Endocarditis 5/18/2007

Infectious endocarditis (IE) is a relatively uncommon infection that was first described in 1885 by William Osler.

Diabesity: A Global Epidemic 4/17/2007

Obesity has become an epidemic on a global scale and poses one of the biggest concerns to human health and well-being.

Barriers to Achieving LDL Cholesterol Goals 3/21/2007

Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.

Cardiovascular Diseases in Children 3/21/2007

In the past, cardiovascular disorders were a greater concern in the adult population than in the pediatric population.

The Rising Use of Coronary Artery Stents 3/21/2007

Blockage of the coronary arteries is a major cause of heart disease and heart attacks.

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Intermittent Claudication 3/14/2007

Intermittent claudication is a painful, cramp-like condition usually experienced in the calves that begins during exercise and disappears at rest.

Drug-Induced QT Prolongation 2/20/2007

Several drugs have been withdrawn from the U.

Acute Coronary Syndromes 2/20/2007

Each day, nearly 2,500 Americans die of cardiovascular disease--representing an average of one death every 35 seconds.

Acute Decompensated Heart Failure 2/20/2007

Heart failure (HF) is defined as the inability of the heart to provide adequate blood supply throughout the body.

Rate Control in Atrial Fibrillation 2/20/2007

Atrial fibrillation is one of the most common types of arrhrythmias.

Pharmacologic Management of Post-Acute Coronary Syndrome 2/20/2007

Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) include the spectrum of clinical conditions ranging from unstable angina to non-Q-wave myocardial infarction (MI) and Q-wave MI.

Cross-Reactivity of ACE Inhibitor–Induced Angioedema with ARBs 2/20/2007

Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are highly utilized classes of medications that affect the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).

Lower Extremity Peripheral Arterial Disease 2/20/2007

The American Heart Association defines peripheral vascular disease (PVD) as "diseases of blood vessels outside of the heart and brain.

Heart Disease in the U.S. 2/20/2007

According to Health, United States, 2006, the 30th report on the health status of the nation, the leading cause of death for infants was congenital malformations, unintentional injuries for those ages 1 to 44, cancer for middle-aged adults (ages 45 to 64), and heart disease for older adults (ages 65 and older).

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Stents 2/2/2007

A stent is a tiny metal mesh tube that is inserted into a narrowed or blocked artery to open it and restore blood flow. The most common use of a stent is to open an artery that is partially blocked by plaque, which builds up on the inner artery walls and slows blood flow to the heart.

Preventing Cardiovascular Complications in Renal Transplant Recipients 1/23/2007

Tremendous advancements have been made in our understanding of immunology and transplantation in the last 20 years.

Natural Powerful Antioxidants 1/23/2007

Antioxidants help protect human body cells from the formation of radicals.