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Diabetic Foot Complications

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), 60% to 70% of diabetes patients develop peripheral nerve damage.

Foot Care Emollient and Anti-infective

This preparation serves the dual purpose of treating foot infections and soothing the skin.



Management of Acute Diabetic Foot Disease

Diabetic foot disease is a spectrum of disorders involving the cutaneous, soft-tissue, and osseous structures of the foot.

Antipsychotic Use for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

During the moderate and late stages of dementia, patients experience behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, such as agitation, psychosis, and aggression.

Behavioral Health Management: Opportunities for Intervention With Health Information Technologies

Health information technology has the potential to impact medication management, care coordination, and management of comorbid conditions in behavioral health.

An Outpatient Approach to Nausea and Vomiting 12/18/2013

Prevention and treatment rely upon the precipitating mechanisms from which the condition results.



Antibiotic Therapy for Appendicitis in Children 12/18/2013

Appropriate IV antibiotics should be initiated upon diagnosis and postappendectomy.

Bowel Preparations: A Review for Community Pharmacists 12/18/2013

Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and the third most common cancer in both men and women.

Counseling Patients About Constipation 12/18/2013

Factors to consider include patient age, current medications, and laxative misuse or abuse.



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Crohn’s Disease 12/18/2013

Crohn’s disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease that affects the tissues of the GI tract.

Effects of Digestive Disorders 12/18/2013

In 2010, 70 million people with digestive disorders made 104.7 million visits to healthcare providers in ambulatory care settings.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Nuances of Drug Therapy in Seniors and the Role of Vitamin D 12/18/2013

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are associated with a late, secondary peak incidence between 60 and 80 years of age.



Long-Term Consequences of Chronic Proton Pump Inhibitor Use 12/18/2013

Continued use of these agents can potentially result in malabsorption problems and increased risk of infections.



Wheat Allergy: A Closer Look 12/18/2013

Identifying the specific type of gluten allergy a patient is experiencing is important when developing an effective treatment plan.


Dealing With Poisoning Emergencies 11/15/2013

If a child accidentally ingests a toxic substance, call poison control immediately.

Gallbladder Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment 3/20/2013

Gallbladder disease, particularly cholelithiasis (gallstones), affects more than 20 million Americans each year.

Acute Bacterial Peritonitis in Adults 12/19/2012

A delay in intervention can lead to damage to other bodily organs.

Bacterial Pathogens in Our Food: An Update on Foodborne Illness 12/19/2012

Foodborne illness poses a significant public health threat to the United States.

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Celiac Disease 12/19/2012

This disorder is caused by an immune reaction when gluten, a grain found in many foods and beverages, is consumed.

Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines Update 12/19/2012

In June 2012, the American Cancer Society (ACS) released updated guidelines for early detection of colorectal cancer.

Gastrointestinal Side Effects of Opioid Analgesics 12/19/2012

Major reasons for discontinuing opioid medications are gastrointestinal side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and constipation.

Gastrointestinal Warnings on Nonprescription Products 12/19/2012

Pharmacists must ensure that patients understand labeling contraindications against use.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment Options 12/19/2012

This common gastrointestinal disorder is hard to diagnose and does not have an established cure.

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux (Silent Reflux) 12/19/2012

Laryngopharyngeal reflux, or “silent reflux,” differs from gastroesophageal reflux disease in that it is frequently not associated with symptoms of heartburn and regurgitation.



Overview of Pancreatic Cancer 12/19/2012

Pancreatic cancer is a devastating and lethal disease affecting one in 68 Americans.


Lower Pancreatitis Risk With Statin Therapy 9/19/2012



Management of Crohn’s Disease in Children and Adolescents 4/23/2012

This gastrointestinal disorder is on the rise in pediatric patients of varying ages, making it a significant chronic disease in this population.

GERD-Related Sleep Disturbances 1/20/2012

Sleep disturbance is a common complaint in patients suffering from GERD

Acute Pancreatitis: Risks, Causes, and Mortality in Older Adults 12/20/2011

In the elderly, acute pancreatitis is most commonly caused by gallstones, is more likely to be severe, and is associated with higher mortality. 



Approach to Treatment and Prevention of Traveler’s Diarrhea 12/20/2011

Millions of travelers are affected by traveler's diarrhea annually, so it is vital that pharmacists proactively educate individuals who will be traveling about preventive measures and treatment.

Counseling Patients With Hemorrhoids 12/20/2011

Many patients who initially seek relief through the use of nonprescription products will require referral to a physician. 

Disorders Associated With Celiac Disease 12/20/2011

With celiac disease, the risk of developing other autoimmune and nonautoimmune disorders increases.

Evaluation of Strategies to Improve the Treatment of Recurrent Clostridium difficile–Associated Disease 12/20/2011

New methods for treating this common nosocomial infection are being implemented. 

Fructose Malabsorption: A Possible Factor in Functional Bowel Disorders 12/20/2011

Elimination of dietary fructose can have a positive effect on clinical symptoms. 

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GERD 12/20/2011

When stomach acid is refluxed into the esophagus over a long period of time, it is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease. 



Gluten-Free Cosmetics Difficult to Find 12/20/2011



Management of Gastroparesis 12/20/2011

Underlying conditions and comorbidities make it difficult to properly manage this disorder.



Pharmaceutical Care of Celiac Disease 12/20/2011

Celiac disease, also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy or sprue, is a chronic autoimmune disorder caused by a genetic intolerance to gluten.

Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis: The Consequences of Overuse and Misuse 10/19/2011

It seems as though almost every patient admitted to the hospital in the United States is prescribed either a proton pump inhibitor or a histamine-2 antagonist as stress ulcer prophylaxis.

Bariatric Surgery for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: What Are the Options? 5/18/2011

Beyond weight management, these procedures may induce remission of T2DM. 

Heartburn Medications May Increase Pneumonia Risk 1/20/2011



Diarrhea: How to Assist the Patient 12/17/2010

This disorder requires more counseling than other conditions treatable by self-care. 

Direct Costs for Treatment of Digestive Diseases 12/17/2010

According to the National Institutes of Health, 60 to 70 million people suffered from digestive diseases in 2004.

Gallstones: Aging and Medications Increase Risk 12/17/2010

About 50% to 70% of acute cholecystitis occurs in seniors; use of estrogen replacement therapy in post-menopausal women also increases risk.

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Lactose Intolerance 12/17/2010

People with this condition have trouble digesting milk sugar (lactose) due to a relative lack of the enzyme lactase.

Management of Diverticular Disease 12/17/2010

Older age and insufficient dietary fiber intake are the two biggest risk factors for diverticulosis and diverticulitis. 

Management of Nonvariceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding 12/17/2010

Acute gastrointestinal bleeding is a common life-threatening medical emergency requiring hospital admission.

Overview of Peptic Ulcer Disease 12/17/2010

This disease encompasses gastric, duodenal, and esophageal ulcers, with common etiologies of Helicobacter pylori infection and NSAID use. 

Review of Current Chronic Constipation Guidelines 12/17/2010

Constipation accounts for approximately 2.7 million physician office visits, is responsible for an annual cost of about $8 billion per patient, and occurs in 12% to 19% of the U.S. population.

Treatment Options for Postoperative Ileus 12/17/2010

This condition frequently is a result of abdominal or nonabdominal surgery, but other causes include certain types of medications, inflammation, hematoma, and metabolic disturbances.

Ulcerative Colitis: Therapeutic Management Update 12/17/2010

A mix of immunologic, infectious, and genetic factors may be responsible for this form of inflammatory bowel disease. 

Trends in Pancreatitis 6/17/2010

This disorder, especially the acute form, incurs a significant burden in terms of medical care and drug costs.


Name Change for Heartburn Drug 4/19/2010



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Crohn's Disease: Current Management and Prospective Therapies 1/20/2010

Crohn's disease is a chronic form of irritable bowel disease that can extend through the various layers of the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in intestinal and extraintestinal complications.

Colorectal Cancer Screening 12/17/2009

Routine examinations, beginning at age 50, are key to preventing this disease and saving lives.


Gastrointestinal Bleeding: An Alarming Sign 12/17/2009

Early intervention to control bleeding is important in order to minimize mortality, particularly in elderly patients.


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IBS Treatment Guidelines 12/17/2009

Irritable bowel syndrome places a significant burden on society; it also presents an excellent opportunity for pharmacists to participate in the care of patients with the disorder.

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Overview of Hepatitis B and C Management 12/17/2009

Pharmacists play an important role in the care of patients infected with these diseases, which often lead to chronic liver disease and even death

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Pancreatitis 12/17/2009

The pancreas produces insulin and enzymes that help digest food and can become inflamed as a result of alcoholism, gallstones, or infection.



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Probiotics and Microflora 12/17/2009

There is a new focus on the role of beneficial bacteria to aid digestion, boost natural defenses, and fight off bacteria that could cause health problems.


Strategies for the Relief of Bloating and Gas 12/17/2009

Various sources for this problem have been identified, including air swallowing, diet, lactose intolerance, and IBS.

The Burden of Digestive Diseases 12/17/2009

At the end of the 20th century, there were changes in the incidence, prevalence, and overall impact of digestive diseases, as evidenced by the 2008 update to the National Institutes of Health publication on digestive diseases.

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Updates in Nonprescription Therapy for Heartburn and GERD 10/21/2009

Understanding the relative advantages and disadvantages of OTC antacids, H2 antagonists, and proton pump inhibitors allows the pharmacist to provide lasting relief for patients.



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Alcohol-Induced Pancreatitis 8/20/2009

An association exists between alcohol abuse and pancreatitis, but the mechanism involved is not understood.


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The Relationship Between GERD and Asthma 7/20/2009

Health care providers should be aware that reflux symptoms are a potential trigger of respiratory distress.


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Adverse Events Associated with NSAIDs 12/15/2008

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitors (COXIBs) are perhaps some of the most extensively used medications in the world.

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Ulcerative Colitis: Achieving and Maintaining Remission 12/15/2008

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) characterized by diffuse mucosal inflammation of the colon.

Diseases of the Digestive System 12/15/2008

A ccording to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), digestive diseases have affected more than 70 million Americans.

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The Operating Room Pharmacist and Bariatric Surgery 12/15/2008

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the percentage of overweight or obese persons in the U.

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Celiac Disease: More Common Than Once Thought 12/15/2008

A n estimated one of every 100 to 200 people in the United States has celiac disease (also known as gluten-sensitive enteropathy, nontropical sprue, or celiac sprue), an autoimmune inflammatory enteropathy that is triggered by the ingestion of gluten-containing grains in susceptible individuals.

Understanding and Managing Lactose Intolerance 12/15/2008

The inability to ingest milk as an adult, known as lactose intolerance (LI) , is characteristic of many ethnic groups.

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Inguinal Hernia 8/14/2008

A hernia is a bulging of connective tissue (fascia) through a weak area or tear in the wall of muscle that holds the intestines in place.

Probiotics: A Closer Look 6/19/2008

Probiotics are dietry supplements that have been used for centuries as natural components in health-enhancing foods.

Diverticulitis: Overview and Management 3/20/2008

Some illnesses are found to take varied courses in geriatric patients.

Clinical News Digest 1/23/2008

FDA Says No Change in Cardio Risks for Prilosec and Nexium Earlier this year, AstraZeneca, the manufacturer of Prilosec (omeprazole) and Nexium (esomeprazole), sent the FDA results of studies being conducted by the pharmaceutical company on the long-term use of the two drugs.

GERD Update: The Refractory Patient 12/20/2007

Heartburn, one of the classic symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a very common occurrence among the general population.

Bariatric Surgery 9/19/2007

For many individuals--especially those who are morbidly obese--diet and exercise, even in combination with drug therapy, are usually not enough to achieve adequate weight loss.

A Review on the Management of Crohn's Disease 1/23/2007

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a condition that causes chronic inflammation in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).

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