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The Inpatient With Dementia

It is often the behavioral symptoms associated with disease progression that lead to hospitalization.

Electromedical Modalities in Pain Management

Pain specialists can now prescribe treatments that attack moderate-to-severe chronic pain using targeted electromedical modalities, such as spinal cord stimulators, electroanalgesic delivery systems, and pulsed radiofrequency therapies.

Pain Management in Dementia

Proper assessment of pain in elderly patients is challenging.

Comparison of Methohexital and Propofol Anesthesia in Electroconvulsive Therapy: The Ideal Agent

The ideal anesthetic agent for ECT should have a rapid onset of action and short recovery time.

Antipsychotic Use for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

During the moderate and late stages of dementia, patients experience behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, such as agitation, psychosis, and aggression.

Patients Don’t Grasp Risks of Unnecessary Antibiotics 1/21/2015

Ebola Virus Disease: Understanding the Current Outbreak 12/17/2014

The 2014 outbreak in West Africa is the largest epidemic to date. Preventive strategies and supportive therapy are the only options, since no vaccine or effective antiviral treatment is yet available.

Ebola…It’s Not a Movie 11/17/2014

Pharmacists should be aware of symptoms and be cautious when consulting with patients.

Experimental Ebola Vaccines in Development 10/16/2014

White House Announces National Strategy to Combat Antibiotic Resistance 10/16/2014

HPV Vaccination Rates Remain Low 8/20/2014

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus 8/20/2014

Enterococcus species are a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections and the second most common nosocomial bloodstream pathogen in the United States.

Influenza: Optimizing Prevention and Treatment Strategies 7/17/2014

Seasonal influenza causes significant respiratory illness, resulting in approximately 25,000 deaths in the United States each year.

Update on the Management of Pediatric Acute Otitis Media 7/17/2014

New clinical practice guidelines for treating ear infections were recently released.

Common Antibacterial Banned in Minnesota 6/19/2014

New Combination Drug Therapy Promising for HCV 5/16/2014

Advising Patients About Sinus Infections 4/18/2014

Instead of self-treating sinusitis, patients should visit a physician for a differential diagnosis.

Drug-Resistant Bacteria Among U.S. Children on Rise 4/18/2014

Hospital-Acquired Infections Affect 1 in 25 Patients 4/18/2014

Management of Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Monoinfection 4/18/2014

HCV genotype 1, which is the most common cause of hepatitis C infection in the U.S., is the most difficult form to treat.

Management of Occupational Exposure to HIV 4/18/2014

Updated guidelines for management and postexposure prophylaxis were recently released.

Pharmacology of Shunt Infections 4/18/2014

IV empirical therapy with both gram-positive and gram-negative coverage is recommended.

Pneumococcal Vaccination: Optimizing Preventive Strategies and Reducing Disease Burden 4/18/2014

Pneumococcal disease is a concern in very young, elderly, and immunocompromised populations.

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Pneumonia 4/18/2014

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs usually caused by a bacterium or virus.

Trends in MRSA Prevalence 4/18/2014

One percent of the population carries methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, one of 18 microbes listed by the CDC as being resistant to numerous antibiotics.

U.S. Tuberculosis Rates at Record Low 4/18/2014

Viral Meningitis: An Overview 4/18/2014

Viral meningitis, a type of aseptic meningitis, is the most common form; it accounts for about 50% of meningitis-related hospitalizations in the United States, but most cases are self-limiting.

FDA Examining Antibacterial Soap More Closely 1/22/2014

Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics Effective for Childhood Pneumonia 1/22/2014

Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: An Emerging Threat 12/18/2013

Because of limited treatments and a high mortality rate, CRE infection is a growing threat, especially in the healthcare setting.

Blood Test Can Quickly Identify Viral or Bacterial Infections 10/18/2013

Lyme Disease Rate 10 Times Higher Than Previously Thought 9/18/2013

HIV-Derived Antibacterial Promising Against Drug-Resistant Bacteria 7/17/2013

Management Options for Infectious Mononucleosis 5/21/2013

Pharmacologic therapy generally consists of symptomatic treatment and supportive care.

The Role of Pharmacists in Tetanus Management and Prevention 5/21/2013

This preventable disease could be fatal if not immediately treated.

Antifungal Therapy for Invasive Aspergillosis 4/19/2013

The occurrence of invasive aspergillosis, a fatal systemic fungal infection, has increased drastically over the past few decades, and the death toll has risen by more than 300%.

Diabetic Foot Infections: An Update on Treatment 4/19/2013

Foot infection, a common and serious complication of diabetes, increases the risk of hospitalization, amputation, and death.

Home Testing for HIV 4/19/2013

Some patients may prefer a test that affords anonymity and/or provides fast results.

Immunizations in Adults Taking Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs 4/19/2013

Many live vaccines have the potential to cause infection in an immunosuppressed patient.

Necrotizing Soft-Tissue Infections: “Flesh-Eating Bacteria” 4/19/2013

In more than 20% of cases, the etiology of this life-threatening disorder is unknown.

Prevalence of Health Care–Associated Infections 4/19/2013

Ten percent of hospitalized patients in the U.S. develop a hospital-associated infection.

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Sepsis 4/19/2013

Sepsis is a complication that can develop from any serious infection.

HIV Drug May Defuse Staph Infections 1/23/2013

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Influenza 11/20/2012

The flu is a contagious viral infection that circulates each year during the period from October to May.

More Flu Shots Being Administered at Retail Pharmacies 10/19/2012

Bloodstream Infections May Respond Better to Lesser-Used Antibiotic 9/19/2012

Drug Therapy for Common Parasitic Infections Within the United States 8/21/2012

Many highly toxic agents used for treatment worldwide are unavailable here because of low occurrence of such diseases in this country.

Empiric Antimicrobial Management of Sepsis 8/21/2012

These infections originate from a number of different sources and can be difficult to manage.

Influenza and Pneumonia Immunization Trends 8/21/2012

Vaccination of individuals who are at risk for complications from influenza and invasive pneumococcal disease is a vital public health strategy.

Listeriosis: An Overview 8/21/2012

Listeriosis is a serious, potentially fatal infection caused by Listeria species.

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Lyme Disease 8/21/2012

If recognized and treated with antibiotics, this tick-borne infection is curable.

The Rise in Bed Bugs: Prevention, Management, and Treatment 8/21/2012

With infestations becoming more common, cutaneous and systemic reactions to bites are generally treated symptomatically.

West Nile Virus 8/21/2012

Transmitted through mosquito bites, prevention and control are the only effective ways to prevent infection-associated mortality.

Whooping Cough on the Rise 8/21/2012

Role of the Pharmacist in the Management of Adults With Pulmonary Tuberculosis 7/18/2012

Management of latent and active infection requires proper administration of antituberculosis agents.

Shingles Vaccine Safe for Adults 5/22/2012

IDSA Issues Sinus Infection Guidelines 4/23/2012

Antibiotics Ineffective for Most Sinus Infections 3/20/2012

Mild Flu Season Expected 2/17/2012

2011-2012 Influenza Recommendations and Vaccines 12/20/2011

Vaccination rates for all populations fall short of the Healthy People 2020 objectives.

Hospital Superbug Deconstructed 11/16/2011

Immunization Update 2011 and the Pharmacist’s Role in Vaccination Advocacy 8/19/2011

The Healthy People 2020 objectives developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services stress the role of preventive services in the maintenance and improvement of the health of the American population over the course of the next decade.

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MRSA Infection 8/19/2011

The key to successful treatment is early recognition that the infection is caused by a resistant strain of staph. 

Optimizing the Management of Hepatitis B and C 8/19/2011

Available treatments are not always effective and are fraught with potential complications. 

The HACEK Group of Gram-Negative Bacilli 8/19/2011

HACEK organisms are most often associated with infective endocarditis, accounting for up to 10% of cases.

Trends in Infectious Diseases 8/19/2011

In ambulatory care settings, 24.2 and 3.9 million visits to office-based physicians and hospital outpatient departments, respectively, were made in 2008 for the treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases.

Vaccines for 2011-2012 Flu Season Approved 8/19/2011

Zoonotic Infections: Your Pets Can Make You Sick 8/19/2011

Because pet-transmitted infections are uncommon, they often go unrecognized. 

Cholesterol Boosts Antibiotic Resistance in H pylori 7/20/2011

The Pharmacist's Role in Preventing Antibiotic Resistance 7/20/2011

The pharmacist-directed stewardship program is a milestone in infectious-diseases pharmacy practice.

Shingles Vaccine Now Indicated for Younger Patients 4/20/2011

Vaccination of Children Remains Stable 10/20/2010

2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic at an End 9/20/2010

The Treatment of Early Lyme Disease 9/20/2010

Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is the most common vector-transmitted illness in the United States.

Evaluation of the Treatment of MRSA Infections 8/19/2010

It is crucial to select the appropriate antimicrobial agent for the infection being treated, with newer agents reserved for the most severe cases.

Influenza Vaccine and Treatment Update 8/19/2010

Pharmacists must keep up with the current literature and address patients' concerns and misconceptions.

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Mononucleosis 8/19/2010

Mononucleosis is a viral infection most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, one of the most common viruses that infect humans. 

The Fungus Among Us: An Antifungal Review 8/19/2010

Fungal infections can be difficult to diagnosis, prevent, and treat. The past decade has seen the introduction of a number of medications with a wider range of action and fewer side effects.

T-Spot.TB: A New Test for Tuberculosis 8/19/2010

This product can identify individuals whose infection was missed by tuberculin skin testing. 

Free Malaria Research Offered 2/19/2010

Pandemic Infections Reach 50 Million 1/20/2010

Some Pediatric H1N1 Vaccine Recalled 1/20/2010

FDA Warns About Illegal H1N1 Vaccines on the Web 11/19/2009

FDA Approves H1N1 Vaccines in Time for 2009 Flu Season 10/21/2009

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Influenza Update: Seasonal and H1N1 Vaccines 9/21/2009

Three of the vaccines against the H1N1 virus are available in injectable form and one isavailable in nasal spray form; all four vaccines are monovalent. The seasonal influenza vaccine for the 2009-2010 season is atrivalent-inactivated vaccine containing A/Brisbane/59/2007 H1N1-like,A/Brisbane 10/2007 H3N2-like/B/Brisbane/60/2008-like antigens.

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Rapid Molecular Testing in Bloodstream Infections 9/21/2009

Quickly identifying pathogens can help improve patient outcomes and reduce health care costs.

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Pharmacists' Role in Preventing Vaccine-Preventable Diseases 8/20/2009

Infectious disease has plagued humankind throughout history.

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Immunizations in the Older Population 6/18/2009

Widespread administration of immunizations in the United States have helped eradicate such diseases as smallpox and poliomyelitis and can help prevent other serious illnesses and complications.

Pharmacists Are No Strangers to Fear 5/19/2009

In the midst of the H1N! scare, we can all be thankful is that pharmacists will continue to mitigate the fear by their thoughtful and insightful counseling efforts.

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Bacteriophages: Beyond Antibiotics 10/17/2008

Long before there were antibiotics, researchers envisioned using viruses to seek out and destroy bacteria.

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HPV in Men: Treatment and Prevention Strategies 8/19/2008

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are small DNA viruses that infect epithelial tissue.

Vaccination for the Prevention of Pneumococcal Disease 7/18/2008

Pneumococcal infections cause an estimated 3,000 cases of meningitis, 50,000 cases of bacteremia, and 500,000 cases of pneumonia annually.

BK Nephropathy: A Challenge in Renal Transplantation 6/19/2008

Polyomavirus infection is an emerging challengein kidney-transplant recipients.

Candidemia: Optimizing the Dose of Fluconazole 5/20/2008

Candida is a genus of opportunistic pathogens that affect high-risk patients who are immunosuppressed or critically ill...

Infectious Mononucleosis 5/20/2008

Infectious mononucleosis (IM) was first described in 1889 as glandular fever, a clinical illness characterized by fever, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of both the liver and spleen), and lymphadenopathy...

Scarlet Fever 3/20/2008

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by invasion of the upper respiratory tract by the Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes .

Infectious Mononucleosis: The “Kissing Disease” 3/20/2008

Infectious mononucleosis (IM) was first described in 1889 as glandular fever, a clinical illness characterized by fever, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of both the liver and spleen), and lymphadenopathy.

Pediatric and Adolescent Vaccines Update 3/20/2008

Vaccines are medical miracles, saving more lives and preventing more deaths than any other medical advance in the last century.

Statins for the Treatment of Sepsis 2/20/2008

1 Approximately 750,000 patients develop sepsis each year.

Clinical Update: Dental Prophylaxis for Infective Endocarditis 2/20/2008

Patients who suffer from certain types of heart conditions are at risk for developing infective endocarditis (IE) after undergoing invasive dental procedures, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Dental Association (ADA).

Counseling Patients About Lifestyle Modification 1/21/2008

Obtaining the knowledge and skills required to perform disease-prevention patient interventions is becoming increasingly more important for pharmacists and other health care professionals.

Fluoroquinolone Positioning in Hospital Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs 12/20/2007

Antimicrobial stewardship is a marriage of infection control and judicious antimicrobial use whose primary goals are to optimize clinical outcomes and to minimize the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

Community-Acquired Pneumonia 10/18/2007

Pneumonia is an infectious inflammation of the lung by bacteria, viruses, and other organisms.

Fewer Americans Washing Hands in Public Restrooms 10/18/2007

The American Society of Microbiology and the Soap and Detergent Association studied the washing habits of more than 6,000 people and found that Americans are even less likely to wash their hands after visiting a public bathroom than they were two years ago.

New Therapies for HIV Infection 10/18/2007

Approximately 39.5 million people worldwide are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

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Strep Throat 10/2/2007

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx, the area in the back of the throat. This inflammation causes the symptom of a sore throat. Although most infectious causes of sore throat are due to viruses, about 5% to 10% of pharyngitis cases result from a bacterial infection.

Cancer/AIDS News 9/19/2007

Many Cancers Signal HIV/AIDS More infection-related cancers result from immunodeficiencies than previously thought, according to a meta-analysis reported in Lancet .

Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus 8/20/2007

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been a predominant pathogen in health care settings for more than 40 years.

Cancer/AIDS News 8/20/2007

Genes May Have Role in Colorectal and Prostate Cancers Several studies suggest there may be a common genetic link to the development of colorectal and prostate cancers.

Cancer/AIDS News 6/19/2007

A South African study published in Lancet found that HIV-positive mothers who exclusively breast-fed their babies could likely cut HIV transmission in half.

Cancer/AIDS News 4/17/2007

New Drug to Treat Advanced Breast Cancer The FDA has approved lapatinib (Tykerb, GlaxoSmithKline), a new molecular entity to be used in combination with capectabine (Xeloda, Roche Laboratories), for patients with advanced, metastatic breast cancer that is HER2 positive.

Management of Complicated Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Hospitalized Patients 4/17/2007

Bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) collectively refer to several microbial invasions of the skin layers (epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissues), inducing a host response.

Cancer/AIDS News 2/20/2007

Number of New Cancer Patients Expected to Double The number of new cancer patients is expected to more than double in the United States over the next half-century from 1.

The Pharmacist and Influenza 1/23/2007

Influenza is a major public health menace, infecting 5% to 20% of American residents per year and causing about 200,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths each year in the United States.

Flu and Pneumonia Immunization Among Older Adults 1/23/2007

Data from the 2000 to 2003 National Health Interview Surveys show that 23.2% of the adults 55 and older were in fair or poor health.