Featured Content

Credit Where Credit’s Due 4/14/2016

The pharmaceutical industry receives much unfavorable publicity, but its successes should be acknowledged, too.

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Use in the Treatment of Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection 4/14/2016

Clostridium difficile is a common entity causing healthcare-associated diarrhea, the primary pathogen for antibiotic-associated colitis, and an important cause of infectious disease–associated mortality in the United States.

Hepatitis Incidence and Prevalence in the Community 4/14/2016

Hepatitis A, B, and C incidence dropped in the 1990s, followed by an upswing in recent years.

View Full Article

Intra-abdominal Infections in Adults 4/14/2016

These conditions constitute the second leading cause of infection-related mortality in the ICU.

View Full Article

Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever 4/14/2016

Infected individuals usually require hospitalization and may be treated with a number of antibiotics.

View Full Article

Lyme Disease: The Pharmacist’s Role in Treatment and Prevention 4/14/2016

Pharmacists can assist in early identification, antimicrobial selection and dosing, and monitoring of response.

View Full Article

Management of Invasive Aspergillosis 4/14/2016

Aspergillosis, which is most commonly observed in immunocompromised persons, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population, with mortality rates as high as 90%.

Norovirus Infection and Outbreaks 4/14/2016

Highly contagious and environmentally stable, strains of this viral pathogen are now the leading cause of diarrheal diseases across all age groups.

View Full Article

Prevention and Management of Genital Herpes 4/14/2016

Genital herpes is a major public-health concern because of its recurrent nature, its ability to be transmitted asymptomatically, and its potential for complications.

View Full Article

The Common Cold 4/14/2016

Colds are viral infections, so treatment with an antibiotic is not helpful.

View Full Article

Urinary Tract Infections: Causes and Treatment Update 4/14/2016

Two new IV antibiotics that act against multidrug-resistant bacteria are welcome additions to pharmacologic therapy.

Related Content

Getting the Word Out

As the specialty pharmacy market grows, so too should the effort to communicate potential interactions.

An Rx for Satisfaction & Success

Pharmacies continue to earn the highest survey scores for patient satisfaction.

Change Is in the Air

See You Real Soon

In his farewell editorial, our Editor-in-Chief reflects on his passion for pharmacy over the course of his career.

The Next Step

Interest in granting provider status for pharmacists is increasing.

Failure to Follow Drug Regimens Causes Problems for Skin Infection Patients 4/13/2016

Study Ties C Difficile Strain to Specific Antibiotic Treatment 3/30/2016

Blood Test Could Make It Easier to Control TB 3/17/2016

Current Flu Vaccine Much More Effective Than Last Year 3/9/2016

WHO Declares Zika Virus a Global Health Emergency 2/17/2016

Most Americans Fail to Receive Recommended Vaccines 2/17/2016

H1N1 Viruses Become Predominant in Current Influenza Season 2/10/2016

Estrogen in Many Forms Found to Be Protective Against Influenza 2/3/2016

Many U.S. Hospitals Do Not Mandate Flu Shots for Staff 1/20/2016

Patients Can Safely Self-Administer Long-Term IV Antibiotics 1/20/2016

Elecsys Anti-HCV Immunoassay 11/16/2015

A new test employs specialized technology to detect hepatitis C earlier.

CDC Expects More Effective Flu Vaccine This Year 10/16/2015

View Full Article

Hepatitis C 10/16/2015

There are several drugs for treating hepatitis C that are very effective, and new treatments cause fewer side effects than older drug regimens.

Drug Users More Likely to Acquire MRSA in Community 10/7/2015

Vaccination Program Has Led to Significantly Fewer Chickenpox Cases 9/15/2015

Universal Flu Vaccine Offers Broad Protection 8/18/2015

Asymptomatic Vaccinated Persons Are Transmitting Whooping Cough 7/20/2015

View Full Article

Measles 5/15/2015

Serious complications are especially likely in young children and people with poor immunity.

Advising Patients About Cold Sores 4/16/2015

After 27 years with U.S. Pharmacist, Dr. Steve Pray is retiring from this column.

Antimicrobial Therapy for Community-Acquired Pneumonia 4/16/2015

Antibiotic resistance and the risk of fatal adverse events make it challenging to select an agent.

Cutaneous Fungal Infections 4/16/2015

Cutaneous fungal infections are superficial infections typically involving the skin, hair, and nails.

View Full Article

Ebola 4/16/2015

The 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest in history.

Exploring Valley Fever 4/16/2015

The severest form of this fungal infection, which originates in the soil, is sometimes fatal as the disease spreads from the lungs to the patient’s bloodstream.

Probiotics as a Treatment for Infectious Diseases 4/16/2015

Recently, consumers have had a renewed interest in probiotics as a treatment option.

Prolonged-Infusion Dosing of Beta-Lactam Antibiotics 4/16/2015

Prolonged or continuous infusion of IV beta-lactams has a higher probability of achieving pharmacodynamic goals compared with standard intermittent infusions.

The Evolving Management of Hepatitis C Virus 4/16/2015

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) remains the leading bloodborne chronic infection in the United States.

Trends Surrounding Pertussis 4/16/2015

The number of pertussis cases has increased since the 1980s, particularly in adolescents and adults; in 2013, more than 28,000 new cases were reported.

Waning Immunity in Children Vaccinated With Serogroup B Meningococcus 4/16/2015

Tracking Staph in Hospitals 4/15/2015

Combination Therapy Bolsters Chronic Infection Response 4/15/2015

New Ebola Vaccine Promising 4/15/2015

Ebola Vaccine Clinical Trials Under Way 2/18/2015

Patients Don’t Grasp Risks of Unnecessary Antibiotics 1/21/2015

Ebola Virus Disease: Understanding the Current Outbreak 12/17/2014

The 2014 outbreak in West Africa is the largest epidemic to date. Preventive strategies and supportive therapy are the only options, since no vaccine or effective antiviral treatment is yet available.

Ebola…It’s Not a Movie 11/17/2014

Pharmacists should be aware of symptoms and be cautious when consulting with patients.

Experimental Ebola Vaccines in Development 10/16/2014

White House Announces National Strategy to Combat Antibiotic Resistance 10/16/2014

HPV Vaccination Rates Remain Low 8/20/2014

Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus 8/20/2014

Enterococcus species are a leading cause of hospital-acquired infections and the second most common nosocomial bloodstream pathogen in the United States.

Influenza: Optimizing Prevention and Treatment Strategies 7/17/2014

Seasonal influenza causes significant respiratory illness, resulting in approximately 25,000 deaths in the United States each year.

Update on the Management of Pediatric Acute Otitis Media 7/17/2014

New clinical practice guidelines for treating ear infections were recently released.

Common Antibacterial Banned in Minnesota 6/19/2014

New Combination Drug Therapy Promising for HCV 5/16/2014

Advising Patients About Sinus Infections 4/18/2014

Instead of self-treating sinusitis, patients should visit a physician for a differential diagnosis.

Drug-Resistant Bacteria Among U.S. Children on Rise 4/18/2014

Hospital-Acquired Infections Affect 1 in 25 Patients 4/18/2014

Management of Hepatitis C Genotype 1 Monoinfection 4/18/2014

HCV genotype 1, which is the most common cause of hepatitis C infection in the U.S., is the most difficult form to treat.

Management of Occupational Exposure to HIV 4/18/2014

Updated guidelines for management and postexposure prophylaxis were recently released.

Pharmacology of Shunt Infections 4/18/2014

IV empirical therapy with both gram-positive and gram-negative coverage is recommended.

Pneumococcal Vaccination: Optimizing Preventive Strategies and Reducing Disease Burden 4/18/2014

Pneumococcal disease is a concern in very young, elderly, and immunocompromised populations.

View Full Article

Pneumonia 4/18/2014

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs usually caused by a bacterium or virus.

Trends in MRSA Prevalence 4/18/2014

One percent of the population carries methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, one of 18 microbes listed by the CDC as being resistant to numerous antibiotics.

U.S. Tuberculosis Rates at Record Low 4/18/2014

Viral Meningitis: An Overview 4/18/2014

Viral meningitis, a type of aseptic meningitis, is the most common form; it accounts for about 50% of meningitis-related hospitalizations in the United States, but most cases are self-limiting.

FDA Examining Antibacterial Soap More Closely 1/22/2014

Narrow-Spectrum Antibiotics Effective for Childhood Pneumonia 1/22/2014

Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: An Emerging Threat 12/18/2013

Because of limited treatments and a high mortality rate, CRE infection is a growing threat, especially in the healthcare setting.

Blood Test Can Quickly Identify Viral or Bacterial Infections 10/18/2013

Lyme Disease Rate 10 Times Higher Than Previously Thought 9/18/2013

HIV-Derived Antibacterial Promising Against Drug-Resistant Bacteria 7/17/2013

Management Options for Infectious Mononucleosis 5/21/2013

Pharmacologic therapy generally consists of symptomatic treatment and supportive care.

The Role of Pharmacists in Tetanus Management and Prevention 5/21/2013

This preventable disease could be fatal if not immediately treated.

Antifungal Therapy for Invasive Aspergillosis 4/19/2013

The occurrence of invasive aspergillosis, a fatal systemic fungal infection, has increased drastically over the past few decades, and the death toll has risen by more than 300%.

Diabetic Foot Infections: An Update on Treatment 4/19/2013

Foot infection, a common and serious complication of diabetes, increases the risk of hospitalization, amputation, and death.

Home Testing for HIV 4/19/2013

Some patients may prefer a test that affords anonymity and/or provides fast results.

Immunizations in Adults Taking Disease-Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs 4/19/2013

Many live vaccines have the potential to cause infection in an immunosuppressed patient.

Necrotizing Soft-Tissue Infections: “Flesh-Eating Bacteria” 4/19/2013

In more than 20% of cases, the etiology of this life-threatening disorder is unknown.

Prevalence of Health Care–Associated Infections 4/19/2013

Ten percent of hospitalized patients in the U.S. develop a hospital-associated infection.

View Full Article

Sepsis 4/19/2013

Sepsis is a complication that can develop from any serious infection.

HIV Drug May Defuse Staph Infections 1/23/2013

View Full Article

Influenza 11/20/2012

The flu is a contagious viral infection that circulates each year during the period from October to May.

More Flu Shots Being Administered at Retail Pharmacies 10/19/2012

Bloodstream Infections May Respond Better to Lesser-Used Antibiotic 9/19/2012

Drug Therapy for Common Parasitic Infections Within the United States 8/21/2012

Many highly toxic agents used for treatment worldwide are unavailable here because of low occurrence of such diseases in this country.

Empiric Antimicrobial Management of Sepsis 8/21/2012

These infections originate from a number of different sources and can be difficult to manage.

Influenza and Pneumonia Immunization Trends 8/21/2012

Vaccination of individuals who are at risk for complications from influenza and invasive pneumococcal disease is a vital public health strategy.

Listeriosis: An Overview 8/21/2012

Listeriosis is a serious, potentially fatal infection caused by Listeria species.

View Full Article

Lyme Disease 8/21/2012

If recognized and treated with antibiotics, this tick-borne infection is curable.

The Rise in Bed Bugs: Prevention, Management, and Treatment 8/21/2012

With infestations becoming more common, cutaneous and systemic reactions to bites are generally treated symptomatically.

West Nile Virus 8/21/2012

Transmitted through mosquito bites, prevention and control are the only effective ways to prevent infection-associated mortality.

Whooping Cough on the Rise 8/21/2012

Role of the Pharmacist in the Management of Adults With Pulmonary Tuberculosis 7/18/2012

Management of latent and active infection requires proper administration of antituberculosis agents.

Shingles Vaccine Safe for Adults 5/22/2012

IDSA Issues Sinus Infection Guidelines 4/23/2012

Antibiotics Ineffective for Most Sinus Infections 3/20/2012

Mild Flu Season Expected 2/17/2012

2011-2012 Influenza Recommendations and Vaccines 12/20/2011

Vaccination rates for all populations fall short of the Healthy People 2020 objectives.

Hospital Superbug Deconstructed 11/16/2011

Immunization Update 2011 and the Pharmacist’s Role in Vaccination Advocacy 8/19/2011

The Healthy People 2020 objectives developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services stress the role of preventive services in the maintenance and improvement of the health of the American population over the course of the next decade.

View Full Article

MRSA Infection 8/19/2011

The key to successful treatment is early recognition that the infection is caused by a resistant strain of staph. 

Optimizing the Management of Hepatitis B and C 8/19/2011

Available treatments are not always effective and are fraught with potential complications. 

The HACEK Group of Gram-Negative Bacilli 8/19/2011

HACEK organisms are most often associated with infective endocarditis, accounting for up to 10% of cases.

Trends in Infectious Diseases 8/19/2011

In ambulatory care settings, 24.2 and 3.9 million visits to office-based physicians and hospital outpatient departments, respectively, were made in 2008 for the treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases.

Vaccines for 2011-2012 Flu Season Approved 8/19/2011

Zoonotic Infections: Your Pets Can Make You Sick 8/19/2011

Because pet-transmitted infections are uncommon, they often go unrecognized. 

Cholesterol Boosts Antibiotic Resistance in H pylori 7/20/2011

The Pharmacist's Role in Preventing Antibiotic Resistance 7/20/2011

The pharmacist-directed stewardship program is a milestone in infectious-diseases pharmacy practice.

Shingles Vaccine Now Indicated for Younger Patients 4/20/2011

Vaccination of Children Remains Stable 10/20/2010

2009 H1N1 Influenza Pandemic at an End 9/20/2010

The Treatment of Early Lyme Disease 9/20/2010

Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is the most common vector-transmitted illness in the United States.

Evaluation of the Treatment of MRSA Infections 8/19/2010

It is crucial to select the appropriate antimicrobial agent for the infection being treated, with newer agents reserved for the most severe cases.

Influenza Vaccine and Treatment Update 8/19/2010

Pharmacists must keep up with the current literature and address patients' concerns and misconceptions.

View Full Article

Mononucleosis 8/19/2010

Mononucleosis is a viral infection most often caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, one of the most common viruses that infect humans. 

The Fungus Among Us: An Antifungal Review 8/19/2010

Fungal infections can be difficult to diagnosis, prevent, and treat. The past decade has seen the introduction of a number of medications with a wider range of action and fewer side effects.

T-Spot.TB: A New Test for Tuberculosis 8/19/2010

This product can identify individuals whose infection was missed by tuberculin skin testing. 

Free Malaria Research Offered 2/19/2010

Pandemic Infections Reach 50 Million 1/20/2010

Some Pediatric H1N1 Vaccine Recalled 1/20/2010

FDA Warns About Illegal H1N1 Vaccines on the Web 11/19/2009

FDA Approves H1N1 Vaccines in Time for 2009 Flu Season 10/21/2009

View Full Article

Influenza Update: Seasonal and H1N1 Vaccines 9/21/2009

Three of the vaccines against the H1N1 virus are available in injectable form and one isavailable in nasal spray form; all four vaccines are monovalent. The seasonal influenza vaccine for the 2009-2010 season is atrivalent-inactivated vaccine containing A/Brisbane/59/2007 H1N1-like,A/Brisbane 10/2007 H3N2-like/B/Brisbane/60/2008-like antigens.

View Full Article

Rapid Molecular Testing in Bloodstream Infections 9/21/2009

Quickly identifying pathogens can help improve patient outcomes and reduce health care costs.

View Full Article

Pharmacists' Role in Preventing Vaccine-Preventable Diseases 8/20/2009

Infectious disease has plagued humankind throughout history.

View Full Article

Immunizations in the Older Population 6/18/2009

Widespread administration of immunizations in the United States have helped eradicate such diseases as smallpox and poliomyelitis and can help prevent other serious illnesses and complications.

Pharmacists Are No Strangers to Fear 5/19/2009

In the midst of the H1N! scare, we can all be thankful is that pharmacists will continue to mitigate the fear by their thoughtful and insightful counseling efforts.

View Full Article

Bacteriophages: Beyond Antibiotics 10/17/2008

Long before there were antibiotics, researchers envisioned using viruses to seek out and destroy bacteria.

View Full Article

HPV in Men: Treatment and Prevention Strategies 8/19/2008

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are small DNA viruses that infect epithelial tissue.

Vaccination for the Prevention of Pneumococcal Disease 7/18/2008

Pneumococcal infections cause an estimated 3,000 cases of meningitis, 50,000 cases of bacteremia, and 500,000 cases of pneumonia annually.

BK Nephropathy: A Challenge in Renal Transplantation 6/19/2008

Polyomavirus infection is an emerging challengein kidney-transplant recipients.

Candidemia: Optimizing the Dose of Fluconazole 5/20/2008

Candida is a genus of opportunistic pathogens that affect high-risk patients who are immunosuppressed or critically ill...

Infectious Mononucleosis 5/20/2008

Infectious mononucleosis (IM) was first described in 1889 as glandular fever, a clinical illness characterized by fever, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of both the liver and spleen), and lymphadenopathy...

Scarlet Fever 3/20/2008

Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by invasion of the upper respiratory tract by the Gram-positive bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes .

Infectious Mononucleosis: The “Kissing Disease” 3/20/2008

Infectious mononucleosis (IM) was first described in 1889 as glandular fever, a clinical illness characterized by fever, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, hepatosplenomegaly (enlargement of both the liver and spleen), and lymphadenopathy.

Pediatric and Adolescent Vaccines Update 3/20/2008

Vaccines are medical miracles, saving more lives and preventing more deaths than any other medical advance in the last century.

Statins for the Treatment of Sepsis 2/20/2008

1 Approximately 750,000 patients develop sepsis each year.

Clinical Update: Dental Prophylaxis for Infective Endocarditis 2/20/2008

Patients who suffer from certain types of heart conditions are at risk for developing infective endocarditis (IE) after undergoing invasive dental procedures, according to the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Dental Association (ADA).

Counseling Patients About Lifestyle Modification 1/21/2008

Obtaining the knowledge and skills required to perform disease-prevention patient interventions is becoming increasingly more important for pharmacists and other health care professionals.

Fluoroquinolone Positioning in Hospital Antimicrobial Stewardship Programs 12/20/2007

Antimicrobial stewardship is a marriage of infection control and judicious antimicrobial use whose primary goals are to optimize clinical outcomes and to minimize the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.

Community-Acquired Pneumonia 10/18/2007

Pneumonia is an infectious inflammation of the lung by bacteria, viruses, and other organisms.

Fewer Americans Washing Hands in Public Restrooms 10/18/2007

The American Society of Microbiology and the Soap and Detergent Association studied the washing habits of more than 6,000 people and found that Americans are even less likely to wash their hands after visiting a public bathroom than they were two years ago.

New Therapies for HIV Infection 10/18/2007

Approximately 39.5 million people worldwide are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

View Full Article

Strep Throat 10/2/2007

Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx, the area in the back of the throat. This inflammation causes the symptom of a sore throat. Although most infectious causes of sore throat are due to viruses, about 5% to 10% of pharyngitis cases result from a bacterial infection.

Cancer/AIDS News 9/19/2007

Many Cancers Signal HIV/AIDS More infection-related cancers result from immunodeficiencies than previously thought, according to a meta-analysis reported in Lancet .

Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus 8/20/2007

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been a predominant pathogen in health care settings for more than 40 years.

Cancer/AIDS News 8/20/2007

Genes May Have Role in Colorectal and Prostate Cancers Several studies suggest there may be a common genetic link to the development of colorectal and prostate cancers.

Cancer/AIDS News 6/19/2007

A South African study published in Lancet found that HIV-positive mothers who exclusively breast-fed their babies could likely cut HIV transmission in half.

Cancer/AIDS News 4/17/2007

New Drug to Treat Advanced Breast Cancer The FDA has approved lapatinib (Tykerb, GlaxoSmithKline), a new molecular entity to be used in combination with capectabine (Xeloda, Roche Laboratories), for patients with advanced, metastatic breast cancer that is HER2 positive.

Management of Complicated Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Hospitalized Patients 4/17/2007

Bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) collectively refer to several microbial invasions of the skin layers (epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissues), inducing a host response.

Cancer/AIDS News 2/20/2007

Number of New Cancer Patients Expected to Double The number of new cancer patients is expected to more than double in the United States over the next half-century from 1.

The Pharmacist and Influenza 1/23/2007

Influenza is a major public health menace, infecting 5% to 20% of American residents per year and causing about 200,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths each year in the United States.

Flu and Pneumonia Immunization Among Older Adults 1/23/2007

Data from the 2000 to 2003 National Health Interview Surveys show that 23.2% of the adults 55 and older were in fair or poor health.