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Current Perspectives on Multiple Sclerosis

MS manifests as neurologic signs and symptoms related to declining neuromuscular, sensory, and cognitive function, with a waxing and waning pattern of symptoms and/or continuous disease progression.

Optic Neuritis: A Brief Review

Based upon disease etiology, this inflammatory condition is classified as typical or atypical.

Prevalence of Selected Sensory Disorders

For all such disorders, there are disparities between men and women in terms of prevalence.

DEA Form 106 and Loss of Controlled Substances

A pharmacy must report the theft or significant loss of controlled substances to the DEA within one business day.

An Rx for Satisfaction & Success

Pharmacies continue to earn the highest survey scores for patient satisfaction.

New Pharmacotherapy Options for Hyperphosphatemia 3/17/2016

Oral phosphate binders are widely used in clinical practice for patients with end-stage renal disease.

Metabolic Syndrome Related to Vitamin E Deficiency 11/16/2015

Acute Kidney Injury: An Overview 8/18/2015

Acute kidney injury is characterized by a rapid loss in kidney function with or without changes in urine output.

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Kidney Stones 8/18/2015

Kidney stones are a common urinary tract disorder, accounting for many emergency room visits in the U.S. each year.

The Role of Renal Artery Stenosis 8/18/2015

This often-overlooked cause of high blood pressure can also lead to end-stage renal disease.

Uremic Pruritus Review 8/18/2015

Uremic pruritus (chronic itching in patients with chronic kidney disease) has a prevalence of 15% to 49% and impacts more than one-third of patients undergoing dialysis.

Safety of Live Donor Liver Transplants Confirmed 4/16/2015

Patient-Centered Management of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease 2/18/2015

The pathophysiology is not fully understood, rendering pharmacologic treatment difficult.

Acute Pancreatitis: A Medical Emergency 12/17/2014

Clinicians must be able to recognize signs and symptoms of this potentially life-threatening condition.

Acute Management of Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease 8/20/2014

Managing fluid and electrolytes, anemia, and mineral metabolism is key to optimizing therapy.

Infection in Kidney Transplantation 8/20/2014

Approximately 20% of hospital readmissions in the first year posttransplant are due to infectious complications.

Opioid Dosing in Renal and Hepatic Impairment 8/20/2014

These comorbid conditions can complicate the treatment of pain with opioid analgesics.

Ramifications of Kidney Transplantation 8/20/2014

According to the U.S. Renal Data System 2013 annual data report, 500,000 patients are on dialysis and more than 15,000 undergo kidney transplantation annually.

Renal Disease and Nutritional Considerations 8/20/2014

Metabolic Syndrome: Risk Factors and Recommendations 2/19/2014

Metabolic syndrome is a collection of co-occurring disorders that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus.

Management of Hyponatremia: Focus on Psychiatric Patients 11/15/2013

Low plasma sodium levels may be induced by psychogenic polydipsia.

Even Without Diabetes, Higher Blood Sugar Tied to Dementia Risk 9/18/2013

Kidney Disease Prevalence Trends 8/20/2013

The National Health Interview Survey noted that 2% of individuals aged 18 years and older were diagnosed with kidney disease in 2011.

Managing Iron Deficiency Anemia of CKD With IV Iron 8/20/2013

A prevalent complication of chronic kidney disease, particularly in dialysis patients, iron deficiency anemia remains underdiagnosed and undertreated.

Nephrotic Syndrome: Medication and Other Related Risks 8/20/2013

Since generalized edema is the major clinical manifestation of this condition, it is often misdiagnosed as congestive heart failure in geriatric patients.

The Role of Pharmacists in the Management of Acute Kidney Stones 8/20/2013

Acute management involves a combination of supportive care and pharmacotherapy.

Understanding Uremia 8/20/2013

In this syndrome, several biochemical and physiological mechanisms associated with deteriorating renal function are impaired.

New Compound Blocks Protein That Interferes With Leptin 5/21/2013

New Treatment Modalities for Obesity 4/19/2013

The FDA has recently approved two different agents for weight loss in obese patients.

Does Body Mass Index (BMI) Adequately Convey Mortality Risk? 1/23/2013

Stone Fruits May Ward Off Metabolic Syndrome 7/18/2012

An Overview of Hypoglycemia 6/20/2012

Most hypoglycemia is iatrogenic and associated with drug-treated diabetes mellitus.

Chronic Kidney Disease and Hypertension: A Destructive Combination 6/20/2012

Most CKD patients have high blood pressure, with each disease exacerbating the other.

Current Therapies for Lupus Nephritis 6/20/2012

Induction therapy is highly effective for treating this renal disease, which often has poor outcomes.

Trends in Chronic Kidney Disease 6/20/2012

In 2010, more than 26 million adults had chronic kidney disease, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Thrice-Weekly Dialysis May Be Insufficient 10/19/2011

Calcium Kidney Stones: Pathogenesis, Evaluation, and Treatment Options 6/20/2011

Pharmacists should counsel these patients about lifestyle, dietary factors, and medication effects. 

Fanconi Syndrome 6/20/2011

Limited information about this disorder’s pathophysiology makes diagnosis and treatment a challenge.

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Polycystic Kidney Disease 6/20/2011

It is unclear what causes cysts to form in the kidneys of patients with this disorder.

Trends in Kidney Disease 6/20/2011

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data show that 23 million adults (11.5%) suffered from chronic kidney disease in 2004.

Naturally High Hemoglobin OK in Dialysis Patients 1/20/2011

IVIG Use in Renal Insufficiency or Transplantation 10/20/2010

Intravenous immunoglobulin has been in short supply for years, which poses treatment dilemmas.

Weight Loss Drugs Under FDA Review 8/19/2010

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Addison’s Disease 6/17/2010

Addison’s disease, a disorder of the adrenal glands, is characterized by a deficiency of hormones the body needs to regulate most bodily systems.

Male Hypogonadism: A Review of the Disease and Its Treatment 6/17/2010

Longer life expectancy and the higher prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes may explain the trend toward an increased incidence of this disorder. 

Management of Cushing’s Syndrome 6/17/2010

Cushing’s syndrome is a manifestation of symptoms that are precipitated by excessive cortisol production.

Metabolic Syndrome in Children and Adolescents 6/17/2010

There has been a renewed interest in metabolic syndrome in children in recent years in association with increasing childhood obesity, and the origins of metabolic syndrome have been traced back to childhood.

Subclinical Hypothyroidism 6/17/2010

This condition is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction in elderly women.

Trends in Pancreatitis 6/17/2010

This disorder, especially the acute form, incurs a significant burden in terms of medical care and drug costs.

Bisphosphonate Nephrotoxicity Risks and Use in CKD Patients 5/20/2010

Bisphosphonates, which are excreted via the kidneys, may accumulate in patients with diminished renal function, and toxicity may occur.

Practical Assessment Tools for Identifying Kidney Disease 3/19/2010

Awareness of chronic renal disorders is low in the U.S., so screening and assessment are important. 

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Hypothyroidism 9/21/2009

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is destruction of the thyroid gland by the immune system.

BK Nephropathy: A Challenge in Renal Transplantation 6/19/2008

Polyomavirus infection is an emerging challengein kidney-transplant recipients.

Drug-Induced Acute Renal Failure 3/21/2007

Acute renal failure (ARF) is defined as a rapid loss of renal function due to damage to the kidneys.

Preventing Cardiovascular Complications in Renal Transplant Recipients 1/23/2007

Tremendous advancements have been made in our understanding of immunology and transplantation in the last 20 years.

A Review of Renal Cell Carcinoma 1/23/2007

In the United States, kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) is estimated to be the seventh most common cancerous condition diagnosed in men and the 13th most common in women, accounting for 2.7% of all malignant conditions.