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DEA Form 106 and Loss of Controlled Substances

A pharmacy must report the theft or significant loss of controlled substances to the DEA within one business day.

Gastric Emptying Breath Test

Gut Feeling About Probiotics

These microorganisms hold particular promise for treating GI diseases, but more research is needed.

An Rx for Satisfaction & Success

Pharmacies continue to earn the highest survey scores for patient satisfaction.

State May Regulate Dispensing of Emergency Contraception

This ruling is the latest in a series of judgments on whether religious believers can opt out of providing services.

Antipsychotics Raise Mortality Risk in Parkinson’s Patients 3/30/2016

Adderall Use Increasing in Young Adults 3/17/2016

MS Drug Linked to Increased Risk of Biomarker for Damaging Brain Condition 2/26/2016

Androgen-Deprivation Therapy May Increase Alzheimer’s Risk 1/20/2016

Asthma and Chronic Migraine Linked in Some People 1/20/2016

Current Perspectives on Multiple Sclerosis 1/20/2016

MS manifests as neurologic signs and symptoms related to declining neuromuscular, sensory, and cognitive function, with a waxing and waning pattern of symptoms and/or continuous disease progression.

Early Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Focus on IV tPA and Timely Reperfusion 1/20/2016

Recently updated guidelines have expanded the time window eligibility for treatment.

Hearing Impairment: Age- and Drug-Related Causes 1/20/2016

Approximately 30% of the population over 65 years of age is hearing impaired; ototoxic drugs are a common cause of hearing loss when taken regularly, especially in older adults.

Indomethacin, Caffeine, and Prochlorperazine Capsules/Suppositories 1/20/2016

This product, available commercially in other countries, has been reviewed for acute treatment of migraine and for episodic tension-type headache.

Medical Cannabis: Pharmacy Focus on Treatment Options for Neurologic Conditions 1/20/2016

There is increasing evidence for the efficacy and safety of medical marijuana.

Muscular Dystrophy: Options for Complication Management 1/20/2016

There are nine clearly defined types of muscular dystrophy, each differing in age of onset, clinical symptomology, muscle groups impacted, and associated complications.

Narcolepsy: Evolutions in Pharmacotherapy 1/20/2016

Narcolepsy is a complex and often debilitating neurologic disease characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness, uncontrollable sleep attacks, hypnagogic (drowsiness preceding sleep) and hypnopompic (semiconsciousness preceding waking) hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.

Nonprescription Treatment Options for Migraine 1/20/2016

Combination products are more effective than any of the components alone in comparable doses.

Optic Neuritis: A Brief Review 1/20/2016

Based upon disease etiology, this inflammatory condition is classified as typical or atypical.

Prevalence of Selected Sensory Disorders 1/20/2016

For all such disorders, there are disparities between men and women in terms of prevalence.

Anticholinergics Don’t Hasten Cognitive Decline in Parkinson’s Patients 1/20/2016

High Vitamin D Doses Benefit Immune System in MS Patients 1/15/2016

L-DOPA Shows Promise in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Protection 12/18/2015

Autism Rate Increases to 1 in 45 12/14/2015

Cognitive Impairment During Hospitalization: The Pharmacist’s Role in Monitoring 11/16/2015

There are many reasons for the occurrence of cognitive impairment in patients during hospitalization, and this impairment can have a long-term impact post discharge.

Combination Medication Decreases Agitation in Alzheimer’s 10/7/2015

Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder: Disease Overview and Treatment Options 6/23/2015

Data are limited regarding which therapy most effectively entrains the circadian rhythm.

Emergent Treatment of Status Epilepticus in Children 5/15/2015

Status epilepticus is a neurologic disorder that can lead to serious complications in children if it is not treated effectively.

Nonbenzodiazepine Hypnotics and Their Association With Fall Risk and Fractures in the Elderly 5/15/2015

Clinicians have relied on short-term use of these high-risk agents for insomnia in the elderly.

When Clinically Stable MS Patients Discontinue Their Medication 5/15/2015

Advice for Patients With Tremor 1/21/2015

Self-help techniques may provide some relief from symptoms such as shaking.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Compressive Neuropathy 1/21/2015

Caused by repetitive pressure on the median nerve, this is a leading cause of work-related disability.

Management of Dual Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease and a Mental Health Disorder 1/21/2015

Mental health disorders are frequently seen in patients with Parkinson’s disease, possibly as a result of the complex imbalance of neurotransmitters in both disease states.

Marijuana for the Treatment of Seizure Disorders 1/21/2015

Cannabis, the substance more commonly known as marijuana, has gained interest in recent years for its potential use as an antiepileptic agent.

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Narcolepsy 1/21/2015

People suffering from narcolepsy have an overwhelming need to sleep, often several times during the day.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: A Primer for Pharmacists 1/21/2015

Despite the benefits of consistent CPAP therapy, adherence remains a challenge.

FDA Recommends Lower Dose for Sleep Aid 6/19/2014

Sleep Apnea Confers Higher Risk of Stroke, Cancer, and Death 5/16/2014

Statin May Slow Progression of Multiple Sclerosis 4/18/2014

ICU Care Questioned for Some Stroke Patients Receiving tPA 3/19/2014

Identifying and Treating Migraines in Children 3/19/2014

In children, the identification of migraines can be particularly problematic, since symptoms can present in a variety of ways that differ considerably from those occurring in adults.

Acute Hospital Management of Spinal Cord Injuries in Adults 1/22/2014

These injuries require a comprehensive approach to pharmacologic treatment in the acute setting.

Adult ADHD: Treatment of a Grown-up Disorder 1/22/2014

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is often thought of as a disorder of childhood, but approximately one-half of individuals who exhibit ADHD early in life will go on to have persistent symptoms into adulthood.

Antiepileptic Drugs and Contraception 1/22/2014

Hormonal contraception can have a bidirectional interaction with some antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), which can lead to loss of seizure control or toxicity.

Drug-Induced Neurologic Conditions 1/22/2014

Along with awareness of the improved health outcomes resulting from drug therapy comes the recognition that drug therapy may also contribute to the emergence of new disorders.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome 1/22/2014

This heterogeneous condition with several variant forms is the most common cause of acute flaccid paralysis.

Head Injury and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy 1/22/2014

Repetitive brain trauma is associated with progressive neurologic deterioration in some individuals; later stages of disease are associated with dementia.

Reversal of Newer Anticoagulants in Acute Hemorrhagic Stroke 1/22/2014

The use of blood products and other therapies for acute management and reversal is explored.

Spasticity as a Comorbid Neurologic Condition 1/22/2014

Spasticity may occur to some degree in most people secondary to a disorder or trauma, such as spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, stroke, or multiple sclerosis.

Tardive Dyskinesia: A Distressing Drug-Induced Movement Disorder 1/22/2014

Tardive dyskinesia is a drug-induced movement disorder characterized by the presence of abnormal involuntary movements.1-3

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Transient Ischemic Attack 1/22/2014

A transient ischemic attack is caused by a brief, temporary blockage of blood flow to part of the brain.

Understanding and Relieving Restless Legs Syndrome 1/22/2014

Patients with this movement disorder feel an urgent need to move their legs to stop unpleasant sensations.

1 in 10 Children Diagnosed With ADHD 12/18/2013

Leukemia Drug Reintroduced as MS Treatment 12/18/2013

Behavioral Side Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs 11/15/2013

Behavioral side effects associated with antiepileptic drugs frequently are overlooked, but are an important consideration.

Possible Permanent Nerve Damage From Fluoroquinolones 9/18/2013

Side Effects of Migraine-Prevention Drugs Differ 5/21/2013

Review of the Treatment & Management of Hydrocephalus 3/20/2013

Hydrocephalus is caused by a variety of disorders and disease states, thus making it complex to define and diagnose.

Autism Spectrum Disorders 1/23/2013

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), a range of complex neurodevelopmental disabilities, are characterized by social impairment and communication difficulties that are apparent in young children.

Epilepsy: Treatment and Management 1/23/2013

Drug therapy is based on type of seizure, age, gender, comorbidities, adverse-effect potential, drug interactions, and cost.

Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Adults: Initial Pharmacologic Management 1/23/2013

Generalized convulsive status epilepticus, a neurologic emergency requiring immediate medical attention, has a reported fatality rate of up to 30% to 40% after diagnosis.

Meniere’s Disease and the Pharmacist 1/23/2013

Pharmacists should watch out for troubling symptoms such as dizziness or hearing loss in patients.

New Insight Into Autism and Genetics 1/23/2013

Pharmacist Update on Autism and Its Management 1/23/2013

Developmental disorders are marked by significant social, communication, and behavioral impairments.

Pharmacologic and Complementary Therapy for Migraine Prophylaxis 1/23/2013

Medications that have been investigated for migraine prophylaxis include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, antidepressants, opioids, antiepileptic drugs, antiemetics, and cardiovascular medications.

The Neurologic Complications of Ischemic Stroke 1/23/2013

Achieving cerebral reperfusion within 90 minutes of a stroke event is optimal.

New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Approved 10/19/2012

Metformin May Lower Parkinson’s Risk in Diabetes 5/22/2012

Opiate Education: Key Points for the Pharmacist 5/22/2012

The last several decades have seen a significant rise in the use of opioid medications.

Obesity Increases Mortality Risk With Sleep Aids 4/23/2012

Smoking-Cessation Drug Promising for Alcoholism Treatment 3/20/2012

Syncope: Medications as Cause and Contributing Factors 3/20/2012

Advancing age is an independent risk factor for fainting.

The Pharmacist’s Role in Identifying and Managing Shift Work Disorder 2/17/2012

Associations between shift work disorder and cancer, coronary artery disease, and gastrointestinal disturbances have been established.

Bell’s Palsy: To Treat or Not to Treat 1/20/2012

Bell’s palsy is an acute unilateral peripheral paralysis or weakness of the face that may lead to permanent disfigurement to the affected side of the face.

Botulinum Toxin for the Treatment of Movement Disorders 1/20/2012

Movement disorders secondary to central nervous system disease and skeletal-muscle overactivity can be extremely debilitating.

Identifying Drug-Induced Lupus 1/20/2012

Chronic use of certain drugs can cause this rheumatologic syndrome

Management of Dizziness and Vertigo 1/20/2012

Pharmacists can help patients recognize whether this may be more serious than transient discomfort. 

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Update 1/20/2012

Research is focused on disease-modifying therapies.

Selected Neurodegenerative Disorders 1/20/2012

For many neurodegenerative disorders, health risks increase in the aging population, posing social and economic challenges.

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Tremor 1/11/2012

Tremor occurs most frequently in the hands, but it may also involve other parts of the body.

Curcumin: A Promising Antiamyloidogenic Agent 8/19/2011

The active ingredient in turmeric may be effective in preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease.

Amphetamine Use May Increase Parkinson’s Risk 3/18/2011

Essential Tremor: A Common Disorder With Limited Treatments 3/18/2011

Essential tremor is an involuntary movement disorder of unknown cause that lacks a specific set of diagnostic criteria.

High Cholesterol, Blood Pressure in Middle Age Linked to Early Memory Problems 3/18/2011

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Anosmia 1/20/2011

The loss of smell (anosmia) is not a serious disorder, but it can significantly affect one's quality of life.

Neural Tube Defects 1/20/2011

According to the CDC, defects of the spine (spina bifida) and brain (anencephaly) are common neural tube defects.

Neurocardiogenic Syncope: A Focus on the Management of Vasovagal Episodes 1/20/2011

Prompt identification of the underlying causes of a fainting spell is essential in determining prognosis and treatment strategies. 

Pharmacologic Options for Treating Narcolepsy 1/20/2011

Excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis are typical symptoms of this disorder. 

Prescription Sleep Aids for the Treatment of Insomnia 1/20/2011

Pharmacologic therapy should be utilized for the shortest duration possible to minimize dependence and adverse effects. 

Treatment of Insomnia in Hospitalized Patients 1/20/2011

Insomnia is a common complaint in hospitalized patients, especially the elderly.

Migraine Relief Through Combination of Two Interventions 11/17/2010

Statins May Slow Multiple Sclerosis Progression 5/20/2010

Type 3 Diabetes: Brain Diabetes? 5/20/2010

A relationship between diabetes mellitus (DM) and dementia is undeniable, with numerous studies concluding that DM increases the risk of cognitive decline and dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.

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Current Recommendations for Secondary Stroke Prevention 2/19/2010

A major goal of therapy for patients who have experienced stroke is to prevent recurrent stroke and other outcomes, such as fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events.

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Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome in Children 1/20/2010

This functional brain-gut disorder is characterized by recurrent severe prolonged episodes of nausea and vomiting in otherwise healthy people.

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Etiology and Management of Chronic Meningitis 1/20/2010

Chronic meningitis is defined as meningeal inflammation that persists for more than 4 weeks.

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Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 1/20/2010

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, diuretics, oral steroids, and injectable corticosteroids are pharmacologic therapies used to treat this painful condition.

Significant Functional Difficulties Among Children 1/20/2010

Early identification of functional difficulties and initiation of relevant therapies and services can help lessen detrimental effects on a child's development.

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Treatment Options for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 1/20/2010

To allay symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, therapy should include both a psychosocial component and medication.

Progressive Supranuclear Palsy 11/19/2009

Difficulty looking up without extending the neck or trouble climbing up and down stairs are some of the Parkinson's-like symptoms may signal this debilitating condition.

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Prophylactic Therapies in Traumatic Brain Injury Management 11/19/2009

Clear guidelines for the proper administration of drugs used to treat this condition are lacking.

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Meningitis 10/21/2009

Among the possible sources of meningeal inflammation are viral or bacterial infection and brain injury or surgery.

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The Management of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 8/20/2009

Patients with this progressive, fatal neurologic disorder may need more drug therapy for symptom management than is required for most other diseases. 

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Assisting Seniors With Insomnia: A Comprehensive Approach 6/18/2009

Insomnia is a common but often underdiagnosed complaint in the elderly population.

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Refractory Epilepsy 3/18/2009

Some patients continue to experience seizures despite trials with multiple antiepileptic drugs. Pharmacists can play a significant role in the management of individual drug therapy and subsequently improve patient outcomes.

Neurologic Visits to Ambulatory-Care Settings 1/26/2009

The increase in outpatient visits in the past decade is attributed to the aging of the American population and a resultant rise in prescription drug utilization.

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Restless Legs Syndrome: A Common, Underdiagnosed Disorder 1/26/2009

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensorimotor disorder of the central nervous system. It is characterized by an irresistible urge or need to move the limbs that occurs as a result of uncomfortable limb sensations.

Patients With Headaches: The Pharmacist's Role 1/26/2009

Pharmacists are often approached by patients who request assistance when choosing a headache medicine.

Dermatologic Concerns with Psychotropics 4/18/2008

Adverse drug reactions are a potential problem with all medications.

Clinical News Digest 2/20/2008

FDA Modifies Prescribing Information for Contraceptive Skin Patch The FDA issued a notice that it modified the prescribing information for the Ortho Evra Contraceptive Transdermal Patch to include the results of a new epidemiological study that found women who used the birth control patch were at a higher risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE) than those who used birth control pills.

Causes of Seizures in the Elderly 1/24/2008

A variety of neurologic conditions present more often in individuals of advancing age.

Football Concussions Not Dependent on Severity 1/23/2008

Football players can get a concussion regardless of the level of play or how hard they are hit.

Cerebral Palsy: Pharmacologic Treatment of Spasticity 1/21/2008

Cerebral palsy is the leading cause of childhood disability.

Dementia Affects 3.4 Million Americans 71 and Older 12/20/2007

Researchers at Duke University and the University of Michigan report that approximately 14% of Americans age 71 and older have some form of dementia.

The ReBuilder 12/20/2007

It is estimated that 10 to 20 million Americans suffer from neuropathy.

Lead Toxicity 12/20/2007

While the overall incidence of lead poisoning has decreased, it is still prevalent.

Drug-Induced Movement Disorders: A Primer 11/19/2007

DIMDs remain a significant burden among certain patient populations, such as those receiving treatment with dopamine receptorÒblocking agents (DRBAs; e.

No Money Headaches 9/19/2007

If you think that having money causes more headaches, think again.

Policing Sleep Patterns 9/19/2007

Researchers attending a recent Associated Professional Sleep Societies Meeting reported that four out of 10 police officers may be working with a variety of sleep problems, including sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, or narcolepsy.

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Sciatica 5/2/2007

Sciatica is a common form of back and leg pain that results from compression of the sciatic nerve, a large nerve that runs from the lower spine behind the hip joint and down the back of each leg.

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus 1/23/2007

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a neurologic condition that is considered vastly underdiagnosed, as it typically induces symptoms similar to those seen in other forms of dementia.