Many patients continue to experience significant discomfort for months or years after ICU discharge.
A multidisciplinary approach is necessary to assist patients in achieving a reduction in pain.
Mucositis—the breakdown of epithelial cells in the gastrointestinal tract—is a common and painful side effect of treatment for many cancer patients.
The National Pain Strategy is a comprehensive population health-level plan that addresses the issue of inadequate pain management in the United States, as well as the national opioid-abuse epidemic.
The FDA has strengthened the warnings regarding cardiovascular risk with NSAID use.
Naloxone is now available in an auto-injector or nasal spray that can be administered by family or friends to stabilize the overdose victim until medical assistance arrives.
The number of patients in need of hospice and palliative care continues to grow, as do the general population’s knowledge and awareness of the diagnosed conditions that render patients eligible for hospice care services.
Fibromyalgia syndrome, which was first described more than 100 years ago, is defined as chronic, widespread musculoskeletal pain characterized by both somatic and psychological symptoms.
According to the National Health Interview Survey, disabling chronic pain affects 10% of the population.
If carpal tunnel syndrome is not treated, symptoms eventually become chronic and muscle weakness can develop, making it hard to grip objects.
Practitioners must consider the increased potential for drug-induced liver injury in patients with preexisting liver disease.
Over the last several decades, the assessment and treatment of pain in children has become a standard of pediatric care.
This technology is an encouraging step forward in drug delivery and formulation design.
Although there is no cure, treatment can help relieve symptoms and minimize the long-term impact of this chronic disorder of the inner ear.
It is imperative to recognize the signs of an overdose and administer an antidote quickly.
Personalized medicine allows healthcare professionals to dose patients appropriately.
PHN is a painful nerve condition that lingers after a shingles (herpes zoster) infection.
The Institute of Medicine reported that 33% of Americans (116 million) have chronic pain.
An increasingly popular pain management strategy is the use of noncontrolled topical agents.
OTC options for osteoarthritis include thermotherapy and external and internal analgesics.
Recent research points to a possible association between vitamin D deficiency and chronic pain.
Caused by repetitive pressure on the median nerve, this is a leading cause of work-related disability.
This agent may be an alternative for patients with pain severe enough to require around-the-clock, long-term opioid therapy when other options are inadequate.
Overdose and misuse may lead to acute liver failure.
Epidural anesthetics are the most popular form of pain management
currently chosen by the patient during labor in the United States.
This common type of arthritis results from the breakdown of the spongy cartilage that cushions the joints.
Breakthrough pain is a common issue incurred by oncology patients.
Proper assessment of pain in elderly patients is challenging.
According to the Drug Abuse Warning Network, a public-health
surveillance system, 49% of the 5.1 million drug-related emergency room visits made in 2011 were
attributed to pharmaceutical misuse or abuse and illicit
anesthetic agent for ECT should have a rapid onset of action and short recovery
It is imperative to recognize risk
factors and signs of overdose, as well as understand pharmacologic management strategies.
The number of emergency
department visits linked to nonmedical use of prescription pain
relievers nearly doubled between 2004 and 2009.
The option to self-administer pain medication is often not offered to the elderly.
Approximately 60% to 80% of amputees
develop this debilitating condition, which is often misdiagnosed.
Treatment involves managing hyperuricemia with urate-lowering therapy.
Knowing when to self-treat and when to refer pain complaints is important.
Various types of trauma can result in nerve injury, a significant cause of functional morbidity.
There may be an association between low levels of vitamin D and various pain syndromes.
This complex inflammatory condition of unknown cause is treated most effectively with oral corticosteroids.
Cancer pain affects one in three patients and significantly impacts quality of life.
Management of chronic
pain with medications such as opioids is a common strategy, but chronic
pain can persist or worsen despite aggressive opioid therapy.
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and
Stroke, more than nine in 10 adults will experience pain at some point.
A pain medication should be chosen based on the type of pain being treated and the patient's individual health profile
National Center for Health Statistics data show that 61% of women received epidural or spinal anesthesia during first-order birth.
One of the most feared sports and work injuries is a torn anterior cruciate ligament.
This disorder usually results from pressure and repetitive trauma; infection is a less common cause.
These types of cases constitute the two most common reasons for emergency room visits.
In both opioid resistance and neuropathic pain, these agents may be an option.
The prescribing of opioids has been associated with apprehension and
contentious debate in the health care community, which has created
barriers to achieving adequate pain relief.
New clinical practice guideline emphasizes careful patient selection and appropriate and continuous monitoring.
Data for safely switching from an oral fentanyl product to a nonfentanyl
opioid are lacking.
This procedure is one component of therapy for chronic pain caused by spinal nerve irritation.
In the United States alone, nearly 30 million people suffer from migraines, and the numbers are on the rise.
Peripheral nerve injury is often caused by a microvascular
complication of diabetes.
Better control of pain is a primary concern for patients undergoing surgical procedures.
IVib and ketorolac tromethamine offer an effective alternative to
opioids for acute pain management.
One-quarter of sufferers are
treated for their chronic pain, whereas 40% do not seek professional
The many uses of this chemical compound include relieving the pain of arthritis, psoriasis, diabetic neuropathy, and postherpetic neuralgia caused by shingles.
Corticosteroids are the mainstay of therapy for this inflammatory disease, which afflicts older adults and produces a sudden onset of painful symptoms in the neck, shoulders, back, and hips.
Pharmacists may help caregivers provide appropriate
care by educating them on the use of pain scales and observational
According to the National Center for Health Statistics, the share of
total personal health care expenditures attributed to hospital care
declined (from 40% in 1980 to 31% in 2005) and prescription drug
expenditures doubled (from 5% to 10%).
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by chronic muscle and joint
pain, extreme fatigue, and tenderness in certain areas of the body.
As pharmacists, the primary goal of evaluating the impact of
medications on massage therapy, and vice-versa, is based on safety
The arrival of newer investigational agents that treat hyperuricemia
and inflammatory arthritis has prompted clinicians to maximize
Chronic pain and depression are highly prevalent conditions whose symptoms overlap.
The absence of well-defined criteria for the diagnosis of this nervous
system condition has resulted in a lack of randomized controlled trials
and specific treatments.
Although types of topical anesthetics have not changed considerably
over the last few decades, several advances have been made in the
technologies available for drug delivery.
The characteristics of individuals 18 years of age and older in 2006 who suffered from lower-back pain (27...
Each year, approximately 3.6 million outpatient visits in the United States are attributed to low back pain (LBP).
Seldom do patients in the acute-care setting present with the sole issue of pain management...
Approximately 36 million Americans use OTC pain medications daily...
When it comes to treating inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, taking more than one nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) could lead to complications beyond the common gastrointestinal side effects associated with some NSAID products.
Cocaine is one of the most commonly used illicit drugs, and its abuse is a widespread problem in the United States and around the world.
Individuals with chronic pain that lasts for more than three to six months may experience multiple types of pain in the head and neck region, including headache and facial pain.
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are the most common type of facial pain condition, affecting approximately 10% to 12% of the population, with about 25% of individuals having at least one TMD episode during their lifetime.
While studies are still being conducted linking smoking marijuana to pain relief, an article in Anesthesiology reports that the benefit that smoking marijuana may have on pain relief depends on a narrow therapeutic dosing window.
A German study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine claims that six months of acupuncture appears to be more effective than conventional therapy in treating low back pain.
Central pain is defined as pain associated with lesions of the central nervous system that lead to damage of somatosensory pathways.
Millions of people in the United States undergo surgery or are injured each year.
In 1999, the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) introduced new pain management standards.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is one of the most perplexing and debilitating disorders facing health care professionals involved with pain management.
Pharmacists frequently consult with patients who experience dental pain.