Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an inflammatory
disease of the lung characterized by progressive airflow limitation that
is not fully reversible.
Data from 2010 on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
and asthma in Medicare beneficiaries were analyzed by the Centers for
Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Pharmacists are in a key position to ensure that appropriate infection control measures are followed.
PAH is a rare but serious condition that worsens over time.
Respiratory syncytial virus, a common childhood viral
illness, is a seasonal infection, with the highest rates occurring in
the United States in the fall and winter (between November and March).
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a serious chronic condition,
is a subcategory of pulmonary hypertension (PH).
The mention of croup may evoke images of a crying child with a cough
like the bark of a seal or of a mother pacing inside a steamy bathroom
with a “barking” infant in her arms.
The recently updated GOLD guidelines address the treatment of stable COPD.
Among noninstitutionalized adults, 18.9 million (8.2%, or 1 in 12)
experienced asthma in 2009, as did 7.1 million (9.5%, or 1 in 11)
Due to environmental concerns, inhalers with CFC propellants are no longer available.
Strep throat is most commonly caused by group A streptococcus.
It is a challenge to differentiate between viral and bacterial sinusitis, which have nearly identical symptoms.
This chronic respiratory condition is diagnosed using a
history of symptoms and their triggers, a physical examination, and
Pleurisy, also referred to as pleuritis
, is an inflammation of
the parietal pleura in the lungs.
According to the 2010 National Health Interview Survey, Americans
aged at least 18 years had emphysema (2%), asthma
(12.7%), hay fever (7.8%), sinusitis (13%), or chronic bronchitis
Some OTC medications may cause an inflammatory response in patients with respiratory conditions and should be avoided.
Management of latent and active infection requires proper administration of antituberculosis agents.
Sarcoidosis, an inflammatory disease that often affects various
systems, is characterized by the presence of noncaseating granulomas
caused by the accumulation of inflammatory cells.
For years, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence in the United States was higher in men than
in women; however, a shift in the gender paradigm has occurred within
the last three decades.
According to 2008 Statistical Abstract data, 1.2 billion Americans suffer from one or more forms of respiratory disease.
An increase in the number of patients with malignancy, HIV, hematologic
disease, and conditions requiring immunosuppressive medications has
contributed to an escalation of respiratory fungal infections.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressive lung disease that involves bronchitis, emphysema, or both.
Objective pulmonary function testing helps differentiate these
conditions in seniors, who often become tolerant of severe,
long-standing airway obstruction and underreport respiratory symptoms.
The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) emphasizes
the importance of asthma control during pregnancy for the health and
well-being of both the mother and the fetus.
Emerging therapies are attempting to address the underlying causes of this genetic disease.
A wide range of drugs have been implicated as the cause of respiratory syndromes.
This device is designed to perform a bronchoscopic procedure in
asthma patients 18 years and older after conventional therapies have
been found to be ineffective.
Treatment of this serious and incurable condition depends on the clinical classification of the disease.
Uncontrolled asthma has been responsible for 1.8 million emergency
department visits and almost 500,000 hospitalizations in the
United States in 2004 alone.
The concurrent use of beta agonists with muscarinic antagonists and/or
corticosteroids plays a role in reducing the burden of this chronic
Nosocomial pneumonia, the second leading cause of hospital-acquired
infections in the United States, has the highest morbidity and
mortality rates of all hospital-acquired infections.
The most frequent infectious cause of death in elderly patients is
pneumonia; the presence of a serious comorbidity increases risk.
This sleep disorder affects millions of Americans, although many are
unaware of the problem.
According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, 2%
of adults have ever been diagnosed with emphysema; 11%, with asthma;
and 3%, with chronic bronchitis.
The early recognition of key symptoms and prompt treatment may reduce the time to recovery and the need for hospitalization.
Due to vagueness of signs and symptoms, this serious condition may be underdiagnosed or overdiagnosed, especially in the elderly.
As a result of both the physical and psychological addiction caused by nicotine, the smoking habit is tough to break.
Health care providers should be aware that reflux symptoms are a potential trigger of respiratory distress.
Treatment of this respiratory disorder can be difficult, requiring long
courses of many medications to treat active and latent infection, which
makes adherence a major issue.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized as a
progressive airway disorder. Although the symptoms of COPD are
treatable, the disorder lacks full reversibility.
Smoking is a tough habit to break; some may even say it is an addiction.
Smoking is a tough habit to break; some may even say it is an addiction.
T he pulmonary vasculature is normally a low-pressure system with approximately one-tenth the resistance to flow of the systemic vasculature.
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common medical condition that afflicts millions of Americans.
Along with the elderly population's growth in numbers, there has been an increase in the number of tuberculosis (TB) cases among seniors.
In 2006, the purchase of 371 billion cigarettes accounted for 90% of all money spent on tobacco products.
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common, often chronic, health condition associated with significant morbidity.
The consequences of smoking in adulthood are well known; nonetheless, initiation of tobacco use in adolescents continues to be the primary reason for addiction in adults.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease in which a defective gene causes bodily fluids such as mucus, saliva, digestive juices, and sweat to become thick and sticky.
Two separate research studies suggest that statins may play a role in reducing cardiovascular risk in patients with diabetes as well as reducing the number of deaths among pneumonia patients.
Asthma is a pulmonary disease characterized by reversible airflow obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
Researchers from the University of Southampton, England, revealed that while a topical steroid used in combination with an antibiotic might confer a benefit in treating certain initial, mild symptoms related to a sinus infection, the treatment was no more effective than a placebo in treating acute sinus infections.
Add hair loss to the lengthy list of adverse medical conditions caused by smoking.
The use of common household cleaning sprays and air fresheners at least once a week may increase the risk of asthma.
Researchers at the Medical Research Institute of New Zealand found that a single marijuana cigarette smoked by heavy users of marijuana can cause more damage than 2.5 to five "regular" tobacco cigarettes.
The 2005 National Health Interview Survey conducted by the CDC provides insights into the health conditions prevalent among noninstitutionalized Americans.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a chronic genetic disease that affects multiple bodily systems, predominantly the lungs and gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
The aggressive medical management strategies for chronic disease states, such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, are a characteristic component of Western medicine.
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown origin primarily affecting the lungs and lymphatic systems of the body.
One in 15 Americans suffers from asthma, and every day in the United States 40,000 people miss work or school and 11 people die from the disease.
Although many nonprescription products are marketed for sinus congestion and sinus headache, the FDA aims to ensure that products labeled for sinusitis will never again be sold on a nonprescription basis.
Drink Up, You May Live Longer Several studies have linked alcohol consumption to a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, especially among wine drinkers.
Napping Can Do Your Heart Good A study in the February 12 Archives of Internal Medicine suggests an association between taking a midday nap and a reduced risk of heart disease.