For optimal treatment, clinicians should implement
the most conservative therapies to prevent unnecessary additional risks
UTIs are one of the most common reasons for antibiotic use among otherwise healthy women.
Interstitial cystitis is more common than was previously thought; however, the
disorder is difficult to diagnose and treat.
The pharmacist can identify medications affecting fertility and counsel patients on treatment.
More common in women and with increasing age, overactive bladder may be due to a variety of conditions, or may have no identifiable cause.
Until recently, the PSA test was the gold standard as part of
physical examinations for men, especially in those older than 50 years
OTC products promising symptom relief or antibacterial effects are not presently proven safe and effective.
Serious complications can occur if this common benign tumor goes untreated.
Antimicrobial therapy recommendations for these conditions were revised in 2010.
Existing guidelines on this type of infectious disease have recently
been revised to concentrate on prevention, diagnosis, and management.
Urinary incontinence (UI) is best defined as a variety of abnormalities of the urinary tract that result in the inability to experience normal micturition, leading to involuntary loss of bladder control.
Acute renal failure (ARF) is defined as a rapid loss of renal function due to damage to the kidneys.