U.S. Pharmacist Vaccine Update
Pneumonia, Meningitis, & MMR Immunization Primer

Pneumonia is any infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria, but we most commonly associate pneumonia with the lung infection (pneumococcal pneumonia). Pneumonia can also cause ear infections, sinus infections, meningitis, and bacteremia. Antibiotics are used to treat pneumococcal infections; however, there is building resistance to the commonly utilized antibiotic prescriptions available. The best way to avoid getting pneumonia is to receive the vaccine. Read more

Meningococcal disease is a bacterial infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord. Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection that can also cause permanent brain damage, hearing loss, and learning disabilities. Another potential complication from meningitis infection includes sepsis, sometimes resulting in tissue damage, organ failure, and death. The meningitis vaccine covers Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b. Read more. 

Measles, Mumps, Rubella
Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus spread through respiratory droplets. Initial prodromal symptoms include high fever, cough, runny nose, and red or watery eyes. Mumps is a contagious virus that causes a swollen jaw and puffy cheeks. Rubella is also caused by a highly contagious virus, and symptoms include a low-grade fever, headache, mild conjunctivitis, swollen lymph nodes, cough, and runny nose. Measles was declared eliminated in the U.S., but due to foreign disease activity and as a result of individuals not receiving the MMR (measles, mumps, rubella) vaccine, there was an increase in measles cases in 2014. Read more.


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