A prior history of anxiety, depression, and physical and psychological trauma is significantly predictive of onset of chronic pain in later life. The risk of central sensitization should not be underestimated.
Beta-blockade is one of the toxic systemic effects of ophthalmic timolol found to be stronger and longer- lasting in the elderly.
In the elderly, pharmacodynamic changes can potentially decrease efficacy and increase toxicity of cytotoxic treatments.
Use of corticosteroids in the treatment of respiratory diseases and other common conditions in older adults can cause disturbances of mood, cognition, sleep, behavior, and even delirium or psychosis.
Risk factors for developing an autoimmune disease include age and gender. PMR affects older adults almost exclusively, and women and people of Northern European and Scandinavian descent are at higher risk.
A variety of medications can affect sperm count and quality, and age significantly increases the rate of genetic mutations transmitted via sperm.
A rare complication, this condition is typically caused by perioperative introduction of microbial organisms from the patient’s normal conjunctival and epidermal flora or from contaminated instruments.
Pain is one of the most common, troublesome, and underappreciated consequences of stroke; it is also difficult to manage, particularly in the elderly.
Although recent studies cast doubt on the notion that periodontal disease may be a risk factor for heart disease, reducing periodontal bacteria that can travel below the gum line to the heart is imperative.