Use of corticosteroids in the treatment of respiratory diseases and other common conditions in older adults can cause disturbances of mood, cognition, sleep, behavior, and even delirium or psychosis.
Risk factors for developing an autoimmune disease include age and gender. PMR affects older adults almost exclusively, and women and people of Northern European and Scandinavian descent are at higher risk.
A variety of medications can affect sperm count and quality, and age significantly increases the rate of genetic mutations transmitted via sperm.
A rare complication, this condition is typically caused by perioperative introduction of microbial organisms from the patient’s normal conjunctival and epidermal flora or from contaminated instruments.
Pain is one of the most common, troublesome, and underappreciated consequences of stroke; it is also difficult to manage, particularly in the elderly.
Although recent studies cast doubt on the notion that periodontal disease may be a risk factor for heart disease, reducing periodontal bacteria that can travel below the gum line to the heart is imperative.
Approximately 30% of the population over 65 years of age is hearing impaired; ototoxic drugs are a common cause of hearing loss when taken regularly, especially in older adults.
Age-related changes in economic and social status can diminish a person’s nutritional condition, thus increasing the risk of illness and dependence. Drugs both affect nutrition and are affected by nutrition as well.
In light of wider use of second-generation antipsychotic agents, the experience of movement disorders and residual effects induced by antipsychotics remains clinically important in vulnerable populations, particularly the elderly.