February 22, 2023 

Excessive Antibiotic Prescribing in COVID-19 Cases

Excessive antibiotic prescribing appeared to occur earlier in the COVID-19 pandemic, but the problem was much greater with older patients covered by Medicare than with children, adolescents, and younger adults covered by commercial insurance, according to a new study. Find out how often the prescribing occurred, as well as the antibiotic most likely to be prescribed.


Diabetes Drug Shows Possible Protection Against Dementia

A new study raises the possibility that patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes who take pioglitazone could lower their risk for developing dementia compared with those who did not. That was especially the case in patients with a history of stroke or ischemic heart disease. But what about the adverse effects associated with pioglitazone and other thiazolidinediones? Read more.

Best Approach When Pregnant Women Report Penicillin Allergies?

Penicillin is the first-line antibiotic for prophylaxis against group B streptococcus early onset disease in newborns. Yet, some expectant mothers report they have a penicillin allergy. Find out what a recent study published in PloS One recommended as the best approach in that situation, as opposed to guidelines calling for widespread testing for penicillin allergy—which is actually quite rare.


Monoclonal Antibodies for Prevention of RSV in Infants, Children

With an onslaught of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cases this fall and earlier this winter, some pediatric hospitals said it was the worst RSV season in more than 25 years. In light of the worldwide danger from RSV, a study looked at the use of monoclonal antibodies for the prevention of the respiratory infection in infants and small children. Read more.

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